de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation ISSN Impreso: 0034-7744 ISSN electrónico: 2215-2075

Allometric relationship and growth models of juveniles of Cichlasoma festae (Perciforme: Cichlidae), a freshwater species native in Ecuador

Jorge M. Rodríguez, Elena Angón, Martín A. González, José Perea, Cecilio Barba, Antón García



Ecuador is considered the fishing capital of the Southeastern tropical Pacific with more than 900 native species. Cichlasoma festae represents an economic important freshwater species of much local use. Thus, in this study, our goal was to characterize this fish species during juvenile stages, as the first step for its conservation and valuation, and also for the preparation of proposals for sustainable rural development and formulation of plans for environmentally responsible fisheries management. The study lasted 25 weeks and was undertaken in the ictiohidrographic area of Province of Los Rios, which accounts for 35 % of native fish species in Ecuador. Weekly, the individual biometric parameters total length (L), body width (BW) and body depth (BD) of 90 juveniles of C. festae were measured. Growth was determined using non-linear biological regression models. The average standard length varied between 6.30 cm and 12.25 cm and the average weight varied between 4.99 and 35.71 g. The length-weight relationship was best fit by the equation 15 lnW=-3.92+2.96 ln(L)"> , and the species presented negative allometric growth. Finally, the best fit for the growth of C. festae was the Von Bertalanffy’s model where 15L∞"> = 19.758 cm, k = 0.028 cm week-1 and 15t0 "> = -14.463 week-1. We concluded that to support sustainable and reliable fisheries production studies, the growth record from length may be obtained with standard methods as those evaluated in this study, or may be obtained with new safer tools such as photogrammetry.


Cichlasoma festae, growth models, allometry, conservation, native species.


Agbayani, R. F., Baticados, D. B., Quinitio, E. T., & Tormon-West, D. H. (2013). Resiliency of small-holder to climate change and market prices in selected communities in the Philippines. In M. G. Bondad-Reantaso & R. P. Subasinghe (Eds.), Enhancing the contribution of small-scale aquaculture to food security, poverty alleviation and socioeconomic development (pp. 171-179). Rome: FAO.

Akaike, H. (1974). A new look at the statistical model identification. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, 19, 716-723

Álvarez-Mieles, G., Irvine, K., Griensven, A., Arias-Hidalgo, M., Torres, A., & Mynett, A. (2013). Relationships between aquatic biotic communities and water quality in a tropical river-wetland system (Ecuador). Environmental Science and Policy, 34, 115-127.

Anene, A. (2005). Condition factor of four Cichlid species of a man-made lake in Imo State, Southeastern Nigeria. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 5, 43-47.

Barreto, R., Lessa, R., Hazin, F., & Santana, F. (2011). Age and growth of the blacknose shark, Carcharhinus acronotus (Poey, 1860) off the Northeastern Brazilian Coast. Fisheries Research, 110, 170-176.

Barriga, R. (2012). Lista de peces de agua dulce e intermareales del Ecuador. Revista Politécnica, 30, 83-119.

Burnham, K., & Anderson, D. (2002). Modelling fish growth: multi-model inference as a better alternative to a priori using von Bertalanffy equation. Fish and Fisheries, 9, 178-187.

Canonico, G. C., Arthington, A., McCrary, J. K., & Thieme, M. L. (2005). The effects of introduced tilapias on native biodiversity. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 15, 463-483.

Chukwuemeka, V. I., Tsadu, S. M., Ayanwale, V. A., Erhabor, O. F. & Falusi, F. M. (2014). Morphometrics of selected fish species from Tagwai Lake, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. Advances in Agriculture and Biology, 2, 140-143.

Dampin, N., Tarnchalanukit, W., Chunkao, K., & Maleewong, M. (2012). Fish growth model for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in wastewater oxidation pond, Thailand. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 13, 513-524.

Dantas, D., de Araújo, A., Fernandes de Oliveira, J., Silva, R., & Costa, J. (2016). Population structure and reproduction of a migratory fish Leporinus piau (Characiformes: Anostomidae) in a semiarid tropical reservoir, Brazil. Revista de Biología Tropical, 64, 1369-1381.

Delgadillo-Calvillo, A., Martinez-Palacios, C., Berruecos-Villalobos, J., Ulloa-Arzivu, R., López-Ordaz, R., & Vazquez-Pelaez, C. (2012). Caracterización de la curva de crecimiento en dos especies de pez blanco Chirostoma estor, C. promelas y sus híbridos. Veterinaria México, 43, 113-121.

Fagbuaro, O., Oso, J. A., Olurotimi, M. B., & Akinyemi, O. (2015). Morphometric and meristic characteristics of Clarias gariepinus from controlled and uncontrolled population from Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 2, 39-45.

Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight–length relationships: history, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22, 241-253.

García, A., Tume, J., & Juárez, V. (2012). Determinación de los parámetros de crecimiento de la Tilapia Nilótica (Orechromis niloticus) en un estanque revestido con geomembrana y abastecido con agua de subsuelo. Ciencia y Desarrollo, 15, 47-55.

Gómez-Ponce, M. A., Granados-Flores, K., Padilla, C., López-Hernández, M., & Núñez-Nogueira, G. (2011). Edad y crecimiento del híbrido de tilapia Oreochromisiloticus x Oreochromisaureus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) en la represa Zimapán, Hidalgo, México. Revista de Biología Tropical, 59, 761-770.

Gompertz, B. (1825). On the nature of the function expressive of the law of human mortality and on a new model of determining the value of life contingencies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 115, 515-585.

González, M., Rodríguez, J., Angón, E., Martínez, A., García, A., & Peña, F. (2016). Characterization of morphological and meristic traits and their variations between two different populations (wild and cultured) of Cichlasoma festae, a species native to tropical Ecuadorian rivers. Archives Animal Breeding, 59, 435-444.

Karachle, P. & Stergiou, K. (2012). Morphometrics and allometry in fishes (1st ed.). INTECH Open Access Publisher.

Katsanevakis, S., & Maravelias, C. (2008). Modelling fish growth: multi-model inference as a better alternative to a priori using von Bertalanffy equation. Fish and fisheries, 9, 178-187.

Kullander, S. (2003). Family Cichlidae. In R. E. Reis, S. O. Kullander, & C. J. Ferraris, (Eds.), Check list of the freshwater fishes of South and Central America (pp. 605-654). Porto: Edipucrs.

Milatou, N. & Megalofonou, P. (2014). Age structure and growth of bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus, L.) in the capture-based aquaculture in the Mediterranean Sea. Aquaculture, 424-425, 35-44.

Oni, S. K., Olayemi, J. Y., & Adegboye, J. D. (1983). Comparative physiology of three ecologically distinct fresh water fishes, Alestes nurse Ruppell, Synodontis schall Bloch and S. schneider and Tilapia zilli Gervais. Journal Fish Biology, 22, 105-109.

Palacios, S. S. (1995). Estudio biológico pesquero de la Tilapia Oreochromis aureus en la presa Adolfo López Mateos (El Infiernillo), Michoacán-Guerrero, México (Tesis de Licenciatura). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.

Perea, J., García, A., Acero, R., Valerio, D., & Gómez, G. (2008). A photogrammetric methodology for size measurements: Application to the study of weight-shell diameter relationship in juvenile Cantareus aspersus snails. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 74, 209-213.

Ricker, W. (1975). A motion for the retirement of the von Bertalanffy function. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 38, 1128-1140.

Rodríguez, J., Moya, A., Medina, M., Gómez, J., Perea, P., Merizalde, D., Rodrigez, J., & García, A. (2014). Modelo de crecimiento del Cichlasoma festae en ríos ecuatorianos. Resultados preliminares. Revista Ciencia y Tecnología, 7, 41-48.

Saillant, E., Fostierc, A., Haffrayd, P., Menua, B., Laureaub, S., Thimoniere, J., & Chatain, B. (2003). Effects of rearing density, size grading and parental factors on sex ratios of the sea bass (Dicentrarchuslabrax L.) in intensive aquaculture. Aquaculture, 221, 183-206.

Santos, M. N., Gaspar, M. B., Vasconcelos, P. V., & Monteiro, C. C. (2002). Weight-length relationship for 50 selected fish species of the Algarve coast (Southern Portugal). Fisheries Research, 9, 289-295.

Siddique, M., Arshad, A., & Amin, S. (2015). Length-weight and length-length relationships of two tropical fish Secutor megalolepis (Mochizuki & Hayashi, 1989) and Rhabdamia gracilis (Bleeker, 1856) from Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 31, 574-575.

Sirén, A. (2011). El consumo de pescado y fauna acuática silvestre en la Amazonía ecuatoriana (1st ed.). Roma: FAO.

Von Bertalanffy, L. (1938). A quantitative theory of organic growth (inquiries on growth laws. II). Human Biology, 10, 181-213.

Wells, R., Kohin, S., Teo, S., Snodgrass, O., & Uosaki, K. (2013). Age and growth, of North Pacific Albacore (Thunnus alalunga): implications for stock assessment. Fisheries Research, 147, 55-62.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

© 2017 Universidad de Costa Rica. Para ver más detalles sobre la distribución de los artículos en este sitio visite el aviso legal. Este sitio es desarrollado por UCRIndex y Open Journal Systems.