Bromatological composition of pineapple crown silage with citrus pulp, hay, and urea.

Authors

  • Michael López-Herrera Universidad de Costa Rica, Escuela de Zootecnia, Centro de Investigación en Nutrición Animal. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Rodolfo WingChing-Jones Universidad de Costa Rica, Escuela de Zootecnia, Centro de Investigación en Nutrición Animal. San José, Costa Rica.
  • Augusto Rojas-Bourillon Universidad de Costa Rica, Escuela de Zootecnia, Centro de Investigación en Nutrición Animal. San José, Costa Rica.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15517/am.v27i1.21876

Keywords:

forage preservation, ruminant nutrition, pineapple byproducts, pineapple additives, silage.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the nutritional characteristics of silage mixtures of pineapple crown including dehydrated citrus pulp and hay, with increasing levels of urea. The experiment was conducted between May to September 2013 and the crowns were from Guapiles, Costa Rica. These were chopped to obtain an average particle size of 3 cm, and packaged in vacuum- sealed bags to which were added: urea (0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5% w/w fresh basis), 2 high sources of dry matter: hay (H) of Transvala grass (Digitaria decumbens Stent, cv Transvala) and dehydrated citrus pulp (DCP), both at a level of inclusion (10% w/w fresh basis), and a single level of molasses (3% w/w) and bacterial inoculum by molasses fermentation with whey (1 l/t). Also a sample without additives was prepared as a control. Hay increased dry matter content and all fiber components, but reduced crude protein content, non fibrous carbohydrates, and total digestible nutrients.. When PCD was used, the fiber level was reduced which increased digestibility of ensiled mixture. The use of urea increased the CP content and reduced nitrogen linked to fiber by a dilution effect. It was estimated that, silage materials allow to obtain from 0.43 to 1.89 kg of milk/cow, whenconsuming 5 kg fresh matter (FM)/animal; 0.86 to 3.77 kg milk/cow when consuming 10 kg FM/animal; 1.29 to 5.66 kg milk/cow when consuming 15 kg FM/animal.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemist). 1998. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International. 16th ed, 4th rev. Gaithersburg, MD, USA.

Arroyo, C., A. Rojas-Bourrillon, y R. Rosales. 2003. Uso de urea o pollinaza como suplemento proteico para toretes consumiendo ensilaje de pulpa de pejibaye. Agron. Costarricense 27(2):69-73.

Azevêdo, J.A., S.C. Filho, E. Detmann, D. Pina, L.G. Pereira K. De Oliveira, H. Fernandes, e N.K. Souza. 2011. Predição de frações digestíveis e valor energético de subprodutos agrícolas e agroindustriais para bovinos. Rev. Bras. Zootec. 40:391-402.

Bartholomew, D.P., R.E. Paull, and KG. Rohrbach. 2003. Pineapple: botany and uses. Cabi Publishing, GBR.

Belyea, R., B. Steevens, G. Garner, J. Whittier, and H. Sewell. 1996. Using NDF and ADF to balance diets. Missouri University Extension: g3161. MO, USA.

Betancourt, J.C. 2004. Caracterización nutricional y productiva de material fresco y ensilado de maní forrajero (Arachis pintoi) cultivado en asocio con maíz (Zea mays), a tres densidades de siembra. Tesis M.Sc., Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, CRC.

Correia, M.X., R.G. Costa, J.H. Da Silva, F.F. De Carvalho, e A. De Medeiros. 2006. Utilização de resíduo agroindustrial de abacaxi desidratado em dietas para caprinos em crescimento: digestibilidade e desempenho. Rev. Bras. Zootec. 35:1822-1828.

Cubero, J.F., A. Rojas, y R. WingChing. 2010. Uso del inóculo microbial elaborado en finca en ensilaje de maíz (Zea mays). Valor nutricional y fermentativo. Agron. Costarricense 34(2):237-250.

Cunha, M.D.G., E. Oliveira, J.L. Ramos, e M.D. Alcântara. 2009. Conservação e utilização do resíduo de abacaxi na alimentação de ovinos no curimataú ocidental da paraíba. Rev. Tecnol. Ciênc. Agropec. 3(3):55-62.

Detmann, E., e S.C. Filho. 2010. Sobre a estimação de carboidratos não fibrosos em alimentos e dietas. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. 62:980-984.

Di Rienzo, J.A., F. Casanoves, M.G. Balzarini, L. Gonzalez M. Tablada, y Y.C. Robledo. 2013. InfoStat versión 2013. Grupo InfoStat, FCA, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, ARG.

Gutiérrez, F., A. Rojas, H. Dormond, M. Poore, y R. WingChing. 2003. Características nutricionales y fermentativas de mezclas ensiladas de desechos de piña y avícolas. Agron. Costarricense 27(1):79-89.

Kellems, R.O., O. Wayman, A.H. Nguyen, J.C. Nolan, C.M. Campbell, J.R. Carpenter, and E.B. Ho-A. 1979. Postharvest pineapple plant forage as a potential feedstuff for beef cattle: evaluated by laboratory analyses in vitro and in vivo digestibility and feedlot trials. J. Anim. Sci. 48:1040-1048.

Lallo, F.H., I. Nunes, W. Gonçalves, L.M. Zeoula, F. Barros, e F. Yoshimi. 2003. Níveis de substitução da silagem de milho pela silagem de resíduos industriais de abacaxi sobre a degradabilidade ruminal em bovinos de corte. Rev. Bras. Zootec. 32:719-726.

Licitra, G., T.M. Hernandez, and P.J. Van Soest. 1996. Standardization of procedures for nitrogen fractionation of ruminant feeds. Anim. Feed Sci.

Technol. 57:347-358.

López, M., R. WingChing-Jones, y A. Rojas. 2009. Características fermentativas y nutricionales del ensilaje de rastrojo de piña (Ananas comosus). Agron. Costarricense 33(1):1-15.

López, M., R. WingChing-Jones, A. Rojas, y S. Rodríguez. 2014. Valor nutricional del ensilaje de rastrojo de piña con niveles crecientes de urea. Nutrición Animal Tropical 8(1):1-20

Lousada Jr.. J.E, J. Miranda, N. Rodríguez, J.C. Machado, e R. Braga. 2005. Consumo e digestibilidade de subprodutos do processamento de frutas em ovinos. Rev. Bras. Zootec. 34:659-669.

McDonald, P. 1981. The biochemistry of silage. John Wiley Ltd. NY, USA.

NRC (National Research Council). 2001. Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 7th ed. National Academy Press, WA, USA.

Otagaki, K., G.P. Lofgreen, and E. Cobb. 1961. Net energy of pineapple bran and pineapple hay fed to lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 44:491-497.

Pereira, E.S., J.G. Filho, E.R. Freitas, J.N. Neiva, e M.J. Cândido. 2009. Valor energético de subprodutos da agroindústria brasileira. Arch. Zootec. 58:455-458.

Prado, I., F.H. Lallo, L.M. Zeoula, S. Neto, W. Gonçalves, e J. Marques. 2003. Níveis de substitução da silagem de milho pela silagem de resíduos industriais de abacaxi sobre el desempenho de bovinos confinados. Rev. Bras. Zootec. 32:737-744.

Ramírez, R., R.G. Ramírez, y F. López. 2002. Factores estructurales de la pared celular del forraje que afectan su digestibilidad. Ciencia UANL 2:180-189.

Rebolledo, A., A.L. Pérez, L. Rebolledo, y A.E. Becerril. 2006. Rendimiento y calidad de fruto de cultivares de piña en densidades de plantación. Rev. Fitotec.Mex. 29:55-62.

Rodríguez-Chacón, S., M. López-Herrera, R. WingChing, y A. Rojas-Bourrillon. 2014. Adición de melaza deshidratada y urea en ensilados de rastrojos de piña Agron. Mesoam. 25:313-321.

Rogério, M.C.P., I. Borges, J.N.M. Neiva, N.M. Rodriguez, J.C.M. Pimentel, G.A. Martins, T.P. Ribeiro, J.B. Costa, S.F. Santos, e F.C. Carvalho. 2007. Valor nutritivo do resíduo da indústria processadora de abacaxi (Ananas comosus L.) em dietas para ovinos. 1. Consumo, digestibilidade aparente e balanços energético e nitrogenado. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. 59:773-781.

Rojas-Bourrillón, A., L. Gamboa, M. Villareal, E. Víquez R. Castro, y M. Poore. 2001. La sustitución de maíz por pulpa de cítricos deshidratada sobre la producción y composición láctea de vacas encastadas Holstein en el trópico húmedo de Costa Rica. Agron. Costarricense 25(1):45-52.

Sánchez, J. 2010. Práctica en el Programa de Transferencia Tecnológica de la Cooperativa de Productores de Leche Dos Pinos R.L. Ciudad Quesada, San Carlos. Práctica Bach, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José,

CRC.

Sánchez, J.M., y H. Soto. 1998. Estimación de la calidad nutricional de los forrajes del cantón de San Carlos. II. Componentes de la pared celular. Nutrición Animal Tropical 4(1):7-19.

Traxler, M.J., D.G. Fox, P.J. Van Soest, A.N. Pell, C.E. Lascano, D.P. Lanna, J.E. Moore, R.P. Lana, M. Velez, and A. Flores. 1998. Predicting forage indigestible ndf from lignin concentration. J. Anim. Sci. 76:1469-1480.

Van Soest, P.J., and J.B. Robertson. 1985. Analysis of forages and fibrous food. As 613. Cornell University, a laboratory manual. Department of Animal Science, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Van Soest, P.V., J.B. Robertson, and B.A. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597.

Villarreal, M., R.C. Cochran, A. Rojas-Bourrillón, O. Murillo, H. Muñoz, and M. Poore. 2006. Effect of supplementation with pelleted citrus pulp on digestibility and intake in beef cattle fed a tropical grass-based diet (Cynodon nlemfuensis). Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 125:163-173.

Weiss, W.P. 2004. Fine-tuning energy calculations. In: M. Eastridge, editor, Proceedings of the Tri-State Dairy Nutrition Conference. Purdue University, Michigan State University, Ohio State University. April 27 – 28. Fort Wayne, IN, USA. p. 131-142.

WingChing, R., y G. Alvarado. 2009.Valor nutricional del heno de Transvala inoculado con el hongo Pleurotus ostreatus sp. Agron. Costarricense 33(1):147-153.

Published

2015-12-09

How to Cite

López-Herrera, M., WingChing-Jones, R., & Rojas-Bourillon, A. (2015). Bromatological composition of pineapple crown silage with citrus pulp, hay, and urea. Agronomía Mesoamericana, 27(1), 37–47. https://doi.org/10.15517/am.v27i1.21876

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>