Crop physiological responses to high temperature stress. II. Tolerance and agronomic treatment.


  • Néstor Felipe Chaves-Barrantes Universidad de Costa Rica Estación Experimental Fabio Baudrit Moreno Programa de Leguminosas
  • Marco Vinicio Gutiérrez-Soto Universidad de Costa Rica Estación Experimental Fabio Baudrit Moreno Programa de Ecofisiología de Plantas Tropicales



agronomy response, environmental engineering, crop microclimate.


The objective of this review was to describe plant responses and tolerance mechanisms to thermal stress, as well as the use of agronomic practices to mitigate the effects of high temperature stress on crops. The energy balance of leaves and canopies is presented as a link between plant and air temperature. The effects of high temperatures on water relations, photosynthesis and assimilate partitioning, and the morphological and phenological responses of some crops are described. Response agronomy is presented as a means for the prevention and remediation of thermal stress, which is approached form the perspective of plant breeding, agronomic management, and several pharmaceutical and horticultural practices. Some agronomic practices utilized to reduce the negative effects of high temperature stress on crops are described, such as the use of ground covers, natural or artificial shade, and the application of growth regulators, plant protectants and other products of the modern pharmaceutical industry. 


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How to Cite

Chaves-Barrantes, N. F., & Gutiérrez-Soto, M. V. (2016). Crop physiological responses to high temperature stress. II. Tolerance and agronomic treatment. Agronomía Mesoamericana, 28(1), 255–271.

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