https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/agromesoAgronomía Mesoamericana ISSN electrónico: 2215-3608

Effects of genotype and finish feed on commercial cuts and carcass quality traits of steers beef cattle

Karla Rodríguez-González, Anthony Valverde Abarca, Julio Rodríguez-González, Olger Murillo-Bravo, Marlen Camacho-Calvo



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15517/ma.v29i1.28140

Abstract


The current systems of beef production must be competitive and oriented towards meat quality as a marketing concept. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate on grazing steers the effect of the genotype and nutritional supplementation finishing on growth, carcass composition, and cutability performance. The evaluation period was of 126 days during 2013. The research was conducted at the “La Vega farm” located in San Carlos, Alajuela, Costa Rica. In the investigation an analysis of production characteristics was performed, and the following were determined: daily weight gain, backfat, marbling, muscle depth, packing plant live weight, weight loss from farm to abbatoir, hot carcass weight, dressing %, muscle conformation, round circumference, carcass lenght, rib eye area, backfat, marbling, pH and temperature at 24 h and chill shrinkage. The genotypic component of cattle and the type of received supplementation affected the carcass traits. Brahman*Charolais (F1) crossed genotypes showed better performance than Brahman and / or Charolais, regarding characteristics such as muscle depth and yield in meat cuts, tenderloin, inside round and sirloin cap. The genotype and nutritional supplementation had no effect on total salable meat.


Keywords


beef cattle; animal carcasses; beef; meat quality.

References


Albertí, P., B. Panea, C. Sañudo, J.L. Olleta, G. Ripoll, P. Ertbjerg, M. Christensen, S. Gigli, S. Failla, S. Concetti, J.F. Hocquette, R. Jailler, S. Rudel, G. Renand, G.R. Nute, R.I. Richardson, and J.L. Williams. 2008. Live weight, body size and carcass characteristics of young bulls of fifteen European breeds. Liv. Sci. 114:19-30. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2007.04.010

Avilés, C., A.L. Martínez, V. Domenech, and F. Peña. 2015. Effect of feeding system and breed on growth performance, and carcass and meat quality traits in two continental beef breeds. Meat Sci. 107:94-103. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.04.016

Barton, R.A., and A.B. Pleasants. 1997. Comparison of the carcass characteristics of steers of different breeds and pre-weaning environments slaughtered at 30 months of age. NZ J. Agric. Res. 40:57-68. doi:10.1080/00288233.1997.9513230

Belk, K.E., J.A. Scanga, G.C. Smith, and T. Grandin. 2002. The relationship between good handling/ stunning and meat quality in beef, pork, and lamb. American Meat Institute Foundation, Animal Handling and Stunning Conference on February 21-22. Fort Collins, CO, USA. http://www.grandin.com/meat/hand.stun.relate.quality.html (accessed 02 Dec. 2016).

Bezerra, L.R., S.G. Neto, A.N. de-Medeiros, T.M. Mariz, R.L. Oliveira, E.P. Cândido, and A.M. Silva. 2013. Feed restriction followed by realimentation in prepubescent Zebu females. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 45:1161-1169. doi:10.1007/s11250-012-0341-8

Caetano, S.L., R.P. Savegnago, A.A. Boligon, S.B. Ramos, T.C.S. Chud, R.B. Lôbo, and D.P. Munari. 2013. Estimates of genetic parameters for carcass, growth and reproductive traits in Nellore cattle. Liv. Sci. 155:1-7. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2013.04.004

Chauychuwong, N., C. Kanthapanit, and P. Pruegsasri. 1997. A comparative study on beef cattle fattening performance, carcass quality and economic return of 5 beef breeds available in Thailand. In: N. Chauychuwong, editor, Proceedings of the animal’s science research. The 35th annual conference. Kasetsart University, Bangkok, THA. p. 288-297.

Coleman, L.W., R.E. Hickson, N.M. Schreurs, N.P. Martin, P.R. Kenyon, N. Lopez-Villalobos, and S.T. Morris. 2016. Carcass characteristics and meat quality of Hereford sired steers born to beef-cross-dairy and Angus breeding cows. Meat Sci. 121:403-408. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2016.07.011

Cooke, D.W.I., F.J. Monahan, P.O. Brophy, and M.P. Boland. 2004. Comparison of concentrates or concentrates plus forages in a total mixed ration or discrete ingredient format: effects on beef production parameters and on beef composition, color, texture and fatty acid profile. Ir. J. Agric. Food Res. 43:201-216.

Correia, B.R., G.G. Carvalho, R.L. Oliveira, A.J.V. Pires, O.L. Ribeiro, R.R. Silva, A.G. Leão, J.I. Simionato, and B.M. Carvalho. 2016. Production and quality of beef from young bulls fed diets supplemented with peanut cake. Meat Sci. 118:157-163. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2016.03.017

Cortés, H., C. Aguilar, y R. Vera. 2003. Sistemas bovinos doble propósito en el trópico bajo de Colombia, modelo de simulación. Arch. Zootec. 52:25-34.

Curley-Jr, K.O. 2004. Influence of temperament on bovine hypothalamic-pituitary–adrenal function. MSc. Thesis, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

Da-Silva, S.C., and P.C. Carvalho. 2005. Foraging behaviour and herbage intake in the favourable tropics/subtropics. In: D.A. Gilloway, editor, XX International Grassland Congress, Grassland: A global resource. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, HOL. p. 81-96.

Demirel, G., H. Ozpinar, B. Nazli, and O. Keser. 2006. Fatty acids of lamb meat from two breeds fed different forage: concentrate ratio. Meat Sci. 72:229-235. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2005.07.006

Diniz, L.L., S.C. Valadares-Filho, J.M.S. Campos, R.F.D. Valadares, L.D. da-Silva, J.P.I.S. Monnerat, P.B. Benedeti, A.S. de-Oliveira, and D.S. Pina. 2010. Effects of castor meal on the growth performance and carcass characteristics of beef cattle. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 23:1308-1318. doi:10.5713/ajas.2010.10041

Di-Rienzo, J.A., F. Casanoves, M.G. Balzarini, L. Gonzalez, M. Tablada, y C.W. Robledo. 2015. Grupo InfoStat, FCA,Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, ARG. http://www.infostat.com.ar (consultado 5 dic. 2016).

Domingues, J.L., A.J.C. Nuñez, R.C. Gomes, A.C. Valinote, S.L. Silva, A.S.C. Pereira, P.R. Leme, and J.C.M. Nogueira Filho. 2015. Effect of high oil corn in the diets of Nellore steers on growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality,

and longissimus muscle fatty acid profile. Liv. Sci. 174:31-38. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2014.12.019

Eilers, J.D., J.D. Tatum, J.B. Morgan, and G.C. Smith. 1996. Modification of early postmortem muscle pH and use of postmortem aging to improve beef tenderness. J. Anim. Sci. 74:790-798. doi:10.2527/1996.744790x

French, P., E.G. O’Riordan, F.J. Monahan, P.J. Caffrey, M. Vidal, M.T. Mooney, D.J. Troy, and A.P. Moloney. 2000. Meat quality of steers finished on autumn grass, grass silage or concentrate-based diets. Meat Sci. 56:173-180. doi:10.1016/S0309-1740(00)00037-1

Gama, L.T., M.C. Bressan, E.C. Rodrigues, L.V. Rossato, O.C. Moreira, S.P. Alves, and R.J.B. Bessa. 2013. Heterosis for meat quality and fatty acid profiles in crosses among Bos indicus and Bos taurus finished on pasture or grain. Meat Sci. 93:98-104. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.08.005

Glaze, J.B. Jr., B. Wilhelm, N.R. Rimbey, K.S. Jensen, G.C. Keetch, W.F. Cook, C.W. Gray, J.N. Hawkins, E.J. Morrison, S.K. Williams, J.A. Church, and P.A. Momont, 2004. A to Z retained ownership, Inc.: American Society of Animal Science, editor, Factors affecting profitability in the inland Northwest. In: Proceedings of the Western Section of the American Society of Animal Science, Vol. 55., ASAS, Champaign, IL, USA. p. 198-201.

Holmann, F.J., L. Rivas, E. Pérez, C. Castro, P. Schuezt, y J. Rodríguez. 2007. La cadena de carne bovina en Costa Rica: Identificación de temas críticos para impulsar su modernización, eficiencia y competitividad. CIAT, ILRI, y Corfoga, Cali, COL.

Holst, D., S. Luquet, K. Kristiansen, and P.A. Grimaldi. 2003. Roles of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors delta and gamma in myoblast transdifferentiation. Exp. Cell Res. 288:168-176. doi:10.1016/S0014-4827(03)00179-4

Jank, L., C.B. Valle, and R.M.S. Resende. 2005. Grass and forage plant improvement in the tropics and sub-tropics. In: D.A. McGilloway, editor, XX International Grassland Congress, Grassland: A Global Resource. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, HOL. p. 69-81.

Jaturasitha, S., R. Norkeaw, T. Vearasilp, M. Wicke, and M. Kreuzer. 2009. Carcass and meat quality of Thai native cattle fattened on Guinea grass (Panicum maxima) or Guinea grass-legume (Stylosanthes guianensis) pastures. Meat Sci. 81:155-162. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2008.07.013

Jiang, T., J.R. Busboom, M.L. Nelson, J. O’Fallon, T.P. Ringkob, K.R. Rogers-Klette, D. Joos, and K. Piper. 2010. The influence of forage diets and aging on beef palatability. Meat Sci. 86:642-650. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2010.05.016

Keane, M.G., and P. Allen. 1998. Effects of production system intensity on performance, carcass composition and meat quality of beef cattle. Liv. Prod. Sci. 56:203-214. doi:10.1016/S0301-6226(98)00155-9

Keane, M.G. 2003. Beef production from Holstein-Friesian bulls and steers of New Zealand and European-American descent and Belgian Blue × Holstein-Friesians slaughtered at two weights. Liv. Prod. Sci. 84:207-218. doi:10.1016/S0301-

(03)00092-7

Kirkland, R.M., and D.C. Patterson. 2006. The effect of quality of grass and maize silage on the intake and performance of beef cattle. Liv. Sci. 100:179-188. doi:10.1016/j.livprodsci.2005.08.015

Lombardi, C., C.A. Fontes, T. Rocha, E. Processi, L.C. Bendia, C.C. Filho, R. Oliveira, and L. Bezerra. 2016. Growth performance, body composition, carcass traits and meat quality of young Nellore bulls fed freshly cut or ensiled sugar cane. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 219:102-110. doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.06.008

Magnabosco, C.U., R.D. Sainz, C.U. Faria, M.J. Yokoo, F. Manicardi, V. Barbosa, C. Guedes, P.R. Leme, A. Pereira, F.R.C. Araújo, A.C. Sanches, e R. Lôbo. 2006. Avaliação genética e critérios de seleção para características de carcaça em Zebuínos: Relevância econômica para mercados globalizados. Em: C.U. Magnabosco, editor, V Simpósio de Produção de Gado de Corte, e I Simpósio Internacional de Produção de Gado de Corte. UFV, e Suprema Gráfica e Editora LTDA., Viçosa, BRA. p. 239-271.

Mandell, I.B., E.A. Gullett, J.W. Wilton, R.A. Kemp, and O.B. Allen. 1997. Effects of gender and breed on carcass traits, chemical composition, and palatability attributes in Hereford and Simmental bulls and steers. Liv. Prod. Sci. 49:235-248. doi:10.1016/S0301-6226(97)00016-X

Mao, Y., D.L. Hopkins, Y. Zhang, P. Li, L. Zhu, P. Dong, R. Liang, J. Dai, X. Wang, and X. Luo. 2016. Beef quality with different intramuscular fat content and proteomic analysis using isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation of differentially expressed proteins. Meat Sci. 118:96-102. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2016.03.028

Marshall, D.M. 1999. Genetics of meat quality. In: R. Fries, A. Ruvinsky, editors, The genetics of cattle. CABI Publishing, Oxfordshire, GBR. p. 605-636.

Melucci, L.M., M. Panarace, P. Feula, E.L. Villarreal, G. Grigioni, F. Carduza, L.A. Soria, C.A. Mezzadra, M.E. Arceo, J. Papaleo-Mazzucco, P.M. Corva, M. Irurueta, A. Rogberg-Muñoz, and M.C. Miquel. 2012. Genetic and management factors affecting beef quality in grazing Hereford steers. Meat Sci. 92:768-774. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.06.036

Monsón, F., C. Sañudo, and I. Sierra. 2005. Influence of breed and ageing time on the sensory meat quality and consumer acceptability in intensively reared beef. Meat Sci. 71:471-479. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2005.04.026

Moreira, F.B., N.E. de-Souza, M. Matsushita, I.N. do-Prado, and W.G. do-Nascimento. 2003. Evaluation of carcass characteristics and meat chemical composition of Bos indicus and Bos indicus × Bos taurus crossbred steers finished in pasture systems. Braz. Arch. Biol. Technol. 46:609-616. doi:10.1590/S1516-89132003000400016

Morris, S.T., R.W. Purchas, and D.L. Burnham. 1997. Short-term grain feeding and its effect on carcass and meat quality. Proc. N. Z. Soc. Anim. Prod. 57:275-277.

Muir, P.D., G.J. Wallace, P.M. Dobbie, and M.D. Bown. 2000. A comparison of animal performance and carcass and meat quality characteristics in Hereford, Hereford×Friesian, and Friesian steers grazed together at pasture. N.Z. J. Agric. Res. 43:193-205. doi:10.1080/00288233.2000.9513421

Nuernberg, K., D. Dannenberger, G. Nuernberg, K. Ender, J. Voigt, N.D. Scollan, J.D. Wood, G.R. Nute, and R.I. Richardson. 2005. Effect of a grass-based and a concentrate feeding system on meat quality characteristics and fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle in different cattle breeds. Liv. Prod. Sci. 94:137-147. doi:10.1016/j.livprodsci.2004.11.036

Opatpatanakit, Y., J. Sethakul, K. Tunvisoottikul, and W. Promin. 2007. Factors affecting on carcass quality of feedlot steers under production system of Kamphaengsaen beef cooperative. Beef production. In: Y. Opatpatanakit, editor, Proceedings of 45th Kasetsart University annual conference. Kasetsart University, Bangkok, THA. p. 171-178.

Papaleo-Mazzucco, J., D.E. Goszczynski, M.V. Ripoli, L.M. Melucci, A.M. Pardo, E. Colatto, A. Rogberg-Muñoz, C.A. Mezzadra, G.J. Depetris, G. Giovambattista, and E.L. Villarreal. 2016. Growth, carcass and meat quality traits in beef from Angus, Hereford and cross-breed grazing steers, and their association with SNPs in genes related to fat deposition metabolism. Meat Sci. 114:121-129. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2015.12.018

Pesti, G.M.1997. Pooled standard error?? Poult. Sci. 76:1624.

Pinto, A., R.A. Passetti, A. Guerrero, D.C. Rivaroli, D. Perotto, and I. do-Prado. 2015. Concentrate levels of crossbred bulls slaughtered at 16 or 22 months: performance and carcass characteristics. Acta Sci. Anim. Sci. 37:149-157. doi: 10.4025/actascianimsci.v37i2.25116

Poder-Ejecutivo-de-Costa-Rica. 2001. Decreto Ejecutivo No. 29588-MAG-S “Reglamento sanitario y de inspección veterinaria de mataderos, producción y procesamiento de carne”. Diario Oficial La Gaceta, № 120, San José, CRC.

Pordomingo, A.J., N.A. Juan, y A.B. Pordomingo. 2007. Relación entre el aumento de peso de novillos sobre verdeos de invierno y parámetros de calidad del verdeo (Comunicación). Rev. Arg. Prod. Anim. 27:83-84.

Pouzo, L., N. Fanego, F.J. Santini, A. Descalzo, and E. Pavan. 2015. Animal performance, carcass characteristics and beef fatty acid profile of grazing steers supplemented with corn grain and increasing amounts of flaxseed at two animal weights during finishing. Liv. Sci. 178:140-149. doi:10.1016/j.livsci.2015.05.034

Purchas, R.W., and S.T. Morris. 2007. A comparison of carcass characteristics and meat quality for Angus, Hereford×Friesian, and Jersey×Friesian steers. Proc. N.Z. Soc. Anim. Prod. 67:18-22.

Ramírez-Barboza, J., A. Valverde-Abarca, A. Rojas-Bourillón. 2016. Efecto de raza y niveles de energía en la finalización de novillos en pastoreo. Agron. Mesoam. 28:43-57. doi:10.15517/am.v28i1.21472

Realini, C.E., S.K. Duckett, G.W. Brito, M. Dalla-Rizza, and D. De-Mattos. 2004. Effect of pasture vs. concentrate feeding with or without antioxidants on carcass characteristics, fatty acid composition, and quality of Uruguayan beef. Meat Sci. 66:567-577. doi:10.1016/S0309-1740(03)00160-8

Šafus P., J. Přibyl, Z. Veselá, L. Vostrý, M. Štípková, and L. Stádník. 2006. Selection index for bulls of Czech Fleckvieh cattle in the Czech Republic. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 51:285-298.

Sami, A.S., C. Augustini, and F.J. Schwarz. 2004. Effects of feeding intensity and time on feed on performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Simmental bulls. Meat Sci. 67:195-201. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2003.10.006

Santos, R., F. Peña, M. Juárez, C. Avilés, A. Horcada, and A. Molina. 2013. Use of image analysis of cross-sectional cuts to estimate the composition of the 10th–11th–12th rib-cut of European lean beef bulls. Meat Sci. 94:312-319. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2013.03.018

Schiermiester, L.N., R.M. Thallman, L.A. Kuehn, S.D. Kachman, and M.L. Spangler. 2015. Estimation of breed-specific heterosis effects for birth, weaning, and yearling weight in cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 93:46-52. doi:10.2527/jas.2014-8493.

Schreurs, N.M., F. Garcia, C. Jurie, J. Agabriel, D. Micol, D. Bauchart, A. Listrat, and B. Picard. 2008. Meta-analysis of the effect of animal maturity on muscle characteristics in different muscles, breeds, and sexes of cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 86:2872-2887. doi:10.2527/jas.2008-0882

Scollan, N., J.F. Hocquette, K. Nuernberg, D. Dannenberger, I. Richardson, and A. Moloney. 2006. Innovations in beef production systems that enhance the nutritional and health value of beef lipids and their relationship with meat quality. Meat Sci. 74:17-33. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2006.05.002

Sethakul, J., Y. Opatpatanakit, K. Tunvisoottikul, and W. Promin. 2007. Retail cuts percentage and meat quality of feedlot steers under production system of Kamphaengsaen beef cooperative. Beef production. In: J. Sethakul, editor, Proceedings of 45th Kasetsart University annual conference. The. Kasetsart University, Bangkok, THA. p. 179-186.

Thompson, J.M., and R. Barlow. 1981. Growth and carcass characteristics of crossbred and straightbred Hereford steers. II. Carcass measurements and composition. Australian J. Agric. Res. 32:171-181. doi:10.1071/AR9810171

Tumwasorn, S., P. Prucsasri, K. Markvichitr, B. Rengsirikul, P. Innurak, and C. Chantalakhana. 1982. Comparative performance of Thai indigenous native, Brahman halfbred, and Charolais halfbred cattle at Kamphaengsaen Animal Research Station. In: S. Tumwasorn, editor, Proceedings of the 20th Kasetsart University annual conference. Kasetsart University, Bangkok, THA. p. 363-376.

USDA. 1990. Official United States standars for grades of feeder cattle. meats, prepared meats, and meat products (grading, certificaton and standars). USDA, WA, USA.

Villarreal, E.L., L.M. Melucci, and Mezzadra, C.A. 2006. Genetic components for slaughter and meat quality traits in the Angus-Hereford crossing. In: Instituto Prociência, editor, Proccedings of the 8th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production. Instituto Prociência, Minas Gerais, BRA. p. 13-17

Waritthitham, A., C. Lambertz, H.J. Langholz, M. Wicke, and M. Gauly. 2010. Assessment of beef production from brahman x Thai native and charolais x Thai native crossbred bulls slaughtered at different weights. I: Growth performance and carcass quality. Meat Sci. 85:191-195. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2009.12.024

Warren, H.E., N.D. Scollan, M. Enser, S.I. Hughes, R.I. Richardson, and J.D. Wood. 2008. Effects of breed and a concentrate or grass silage diet on beef quality in cattle of 3 ages. I: Animal performance, carcass quality and muscle fatty acid composition. Meat Sci. 78:256-269. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.06.008

Wheeler, T.L., J.W. Savell, H.R. Cross, D.K. Lunt, and S.B. Smith. 1990. Effect of postmortem treatments on the tenderness of meat from Hereford, brahman and brahman-cross beef cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 68:3677-3686. doi:10.2527/1990.68113677x

Wood, J.D., R.I. Richardson, G.R. Nute, A.V. Fisher, M.M. Campo, E. Kasapidou, P.R. Sheard, and M. Enser. 2003. Effects of fatty acids on meat quality: A review. Meat Sci. 66:21-32. doi:10.1016/S0309-1740(03)00022-6

Zhang, Q., H.G. Lee, J.A. Han, E.B. Kim, S.K. Kang, J. Yin, M. Baik, Y Shen, S.H. Kim, K.S. Seo, and Y.J. Choi. 2010. Differentially expressed proteins during fat accumulation in bovine skeletal muscle. Meat Sci. 86:814-820. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2010.07.002

Zorzi, K., S.F. Bonilha, A.C. Queiroz, R.H. Branco, T.L. Sobrinho, and M.S. Duarte. 2013. Meat quality of young Nellore bulls with low and high residual feed intake. Meat Sci. 93:593-599. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.11.030


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Mesoamerican Agronomy

© 2017 Universidad de Costa Rica. Para ver más detalles sobre la distribución de los artículos en este sitio visite el aviso legal. Este sitio es desarrollado por UCRIndex y Open Journal Systems. ¿Desea cosechar nuestros metadatos? dirección OAI-PMH: https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/index/oai