As science and knowledge evolve, it is necessary to rethink the way in which research questions are addressed. The importance of multidisciplinary work that allows combining the experience and knowledge of specialists in different fields of action is becoming more and more evident. The complexity of today's reality poses challenges that exceed what disciplinary research can offer. Internationally, high-impact journals such as Nature, Science, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, PLoS One, Royal Society Open Science, among others, encourage the dissemination of works of this nature.
The study and work with communicable diseases and chronic diseases are challenging, given their high level of complexity. It is known that its dynamics, evolution, and distribution around the world depend not only on the characteristics of the disease but also on social, climatic, environmental factors, population mobility, socio-economic aspects, among others, that require joint and multidisciplinary work.
Public health authorities around the world face multiple challenges every year due to the appearance of new diseases, sudden growth in the number of cases of endemic diseases, or unforeseen public health situations that are managed by external factors. In particular, Costa Rica faces outbreaks of vector-borne diseases, respiratory disease outbreaks, and an increase in patients with diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cancer, among others. Hence, researchers from all over the world and at the local level are interested in studying them, seeking a greater understanding that allows their prevention and control.
To date, there is no journal at the University of Costa Rica that addresses and integrates this type of multidisciplinary research. A vital part of science is sharing and communicating the findings so that they serve as support and encouragement in future research, as well as the development of strategies for control, prevention, and management of health problems facing Costa Rican society.