https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/issue/feed Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica 2020-07-23T20:29:01-06:00 George García Quesada george.garcia@ucr.ac.cr Open Journal Systems <p><strong>¡Bienvenidas/os al Portal de la Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica!</strong></p> <p>La Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica es el medio de publicaciones de la comunidad filosófica costarricense y se produce con el auspicio de la Escuela de Filosofía y el Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Se fundó en el año 1957, lo cual la convierte en una de las publicaciones periódicas consagradas a la filosofía más antiguas del continente americano. Desde el año de su fundación ha publicado sin interrupción contribuciones filosóficas de todas las tradiciones filosóficas y en sus páginas han aparecido —al lado de filósofos y filósofas nacionales— artículos y estudios de pensadores de la talla de Roderick Chisholm, George Santayana, Gerhard Funke, Ernest Lepore, Anna Teresa Tymieniecka, Dieter Wyss, Peter Asquith, Herbert Csef, Bernhard Waldenfels, Rodolfo Mondolfo y Angel Cappelletti, entre muchos otros. Han aparecido, además, traducciones inéditas de importantes documentos como la entrevista a Heidegger de Richard Wisser y una parte de la correspondencia entre Dilthey y Husserl.</p> <p>La amplitud filosófica de la revista es un reflejo de una tradición de la comunidad filosófica costarricense: aquella que históricamente ha sabido cultivar las más diversas perspectivas filosóficas, tanto europeas y anglosajonas como iberoamericanas.</p> <p>En términos generales, la revista publica artículos y reseñas bibliográficas de alta calidad de cualquier área de la filosofía que hagan aportaciones a los debates filosóficos contemporáneos, por lo cual tiene como público meta a la comunidad filosófica nacional e internacional. Su lengua de publicación es el español, sin embargo, también acepta artículos en inglés y ha publicado (por invitación) contribuciones en francés y en alemán. Publica anualmente tres números (enero-abril, mayo-agosto, setiembre-diciembre) y recibe manuscritos inéditos durante todo el año.&nbsp;</p> <p>Todo manuscrito enviado para su consideración será sometido al sistema de doble evaluación anónima e independiente (‘double-blind peer review’). El equipo editorial garantiza absoluta confidencialidad, tanto a autores como a revisores, de los procesos de evaluación.</p> <p>La revista practica la política editorial conocida como acceso abierto y, por ello, pone a disposición del público en general, de forma libre y gratuita, los contenidos especializados&nbsp;publicados en la revista. A partir de su número 150, la revista seguirá la licencia <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/cr/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 CR </a>para la distribución del material publicado.</p> <p>Por su larga vida y su constancia sin interrupciones desde hace más de seis décadas, la Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica es una de las publicaciones periódicas más sólidas y estables del continente americano. Su amplitud temática y su compromiso con el pensamiento filosófico en todas sus manifestaciones la convierten también en una de las revistas filosóficas más importantes en lengua española. Motivamos así a investigadores y practicantes de la filosofía a hacernos llegar sus manuscritos estrictamente inéditos con el fin de que se sumen a nuestro proyecto de publicaciones y formen parte de una de las pocas revistas en su género con más de cien números a sus espaldas.</p> <p>Deseamos, además, hacer de su conocimiento que tenemos una serie de servicios que incluye, por ejemplo,&nbsp;<strong>la gestión de envío en línea</strong>&nbsp;y&nbsp;<a title="Revista de Filosofia" href="http://www.inif.ucr.ac.cr/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=50:revista-de-filosofia&amp;catid=6" target="_blank" rel="noopener">toda la colección actualizada</a>&nbsp;de nuestra Revista desde el primer número en archivo pdf descargable, entre otros.</p> https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43128 Motivo de portada: La articulación de las Contradicciones. Chromatic Affections Carolina Guillermet D. (Acrylic on canvas, 195 x 145 cms., 2019) 2020-07-23T14:47:50-06:00 George García Quesada george.garcia@ucr.ac.cr 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43129 Presentación de dossier: Reading Althusser, Again 2020-07-23T15:11:54-06:00 Vittorio Morfino Vittorio.morfino@unimib.it Stefano Pippa Stefano.pippa@unimib.it 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43130 Althusser as Reader of Gramsci 2020-07-23T20:13:56-06:00 Vittorio Morfino Vittorio.morfino@unimib.it <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; float: none; display: inline !important;">The article reconstructs the complex relation between Althusser and Gramsci. Considering both published and unpublished writings, the article argues that this relation is profoundly&nbsp;ambivalent: on the one hand, Gramsci is considered the sole precursor in the Marxist tradition who tried to think the superstructure, and particularly politics; on the other hand, he is the paradigm of a conception of temporality and politics from which Althusser wants to take distance.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43131 Interpellation and Stigmatization: Althusser and Goffman 2020-07-23T15:34:59-06:00 Warren Montag montag@oxy.edu <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">The essay explores some points of convergence between Louis Althusser and Erving Goffman, most visibly around the concepts of stigmatization and interpellation. Both explore the ways in which norms are imposed on already existing forms of individuality and corporeality, justifying sometimes violent procedures of control.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43132 The Interpellation of the Body: Althusser and Kafka 2020-07-23T16:06:54-06:00 Joseph Serrano jdserrano@berkeley.edu <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">This essay stages an encounter between Althusser’s essay on the ideological state apparatuses and Franz Kafka’s “In the Penal Colony” in order to pose the problem of the body. I argue that this encounter produces the concept of a body that exceeds the limits of the legal subject and its interpellation.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43135 Althusser against functionalism. Towards the concept of ‘overinterpellation’ 2020-07-23T20:29:00-06:00 Stefano Pippa Stefano.pippa@unimib.it <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">This article re-reads Althusser’s theory of ideology based on the original manuscript from which the famous 1970 essay on Ideology was culled. It aims to counter the standard critique of functionalism levelled against Althusser, and it does so by arguing that Althusser’s theory of ideology is better grasped through the concept of ‘overinterpellation’.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43136 Que faire (with Discourse)? A materialist approach to discourse, ideology and politics in neoliberal conjuncture 2020-07-23T16:25:39-06:00 Natalia Romé romenatalia@yahoo.com <p><span class="T-tulo-resumen--abstract-y-palabras-claves CharOverride-4" style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-weight: 400; color: #000000; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">Althusser’s&nbsp;</span><span class="T-tulo-resumen--abstract-y-palabras-claves CharOverride-5" style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; color: #000000; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">Que Faire?</span><span class="T-tulo-resumen--abstract-y-palabras-claves CharOverride-4" style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-weight: 400; color: #000000; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">&nbsp;(2018) allows for a critical revision of the “discursive turn” in current social and political theory. As Pêcheux shows, the influences of Spinoza and Freud can be recognized and elaborated on to develop a</span><span class="T-tulo-resumen--abstract-y-palabras-claves CharOverride-5" style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-style: normal; font-weight: 400; color: #000000; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">&nbsp;clinical</span><span class="T-tulo-resumen--abstract-y-palabras-claves CharOverride-4" style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-weight: 400; color: #000000; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">&nbsp;theory of discourse capable of taking into account overdetermination and class struggle in a rigorous way.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43140 A Dislocation without a Subject. Althusser, Laclau and Spinoza 2020-07-23T16:34:59-06:00 Fabio Bruschi fabio.bruschi@uclouvain.be <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">This article studies the relation between Laclau’s concept of dislocation and Althusser’s concept of structural causality, to demonstrate that the hegemonic articulation of identities cannot be ascribed to the operation of a subject, since it can only be sustained by a social force that can either block or mobilise processes of subjectivation.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43143 Class Struggle in Theory: the position of enunciation of philosophy and the Hegel/Spinoza debate 2020-07-23T16:58:32-06:00 Agon Hamza agon.hamza@gmail.com <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">The present work is an attempt to discuss the limits of Louis Althusser’s philosophical project. These limits are highlighted through a discussion of Hegel and Spinoza, which is in a sense the very thrust of Althusser’s work.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43147 Presentación de dossier: Wittgenstein's Legacy and Contemporary Philosophy 2020-07-23T20:09:17-06:00 Nicola Claudio Salvatore ncsalvatore@unisinos.br 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43156 Wittgensteinian Fideism vs. Classical Theism 2020-07-23T18:09:42-06:00 Nicola Claudio Salvatore ncsalvatore@unisinos.br Rodrigo Oliveira da Silva revista.filosofia@ucr.ac.cr <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">In this paper, we will present and discuss Wittgenstein´s views on religious beliefs, in order to see if and to what extent they give a plausible account of religious belief and their epistemic status. In the first part of this work, we will present and discuss Wittgenstein´s views on the subject, while in the rest of the paper we aim to show that Wittgenstein´s treatment of religious belief might lead to a number of unpalatable conclusions.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43157 Concepts, Perception, and Wittgenstein’s Theory: a conversation with the sciences 2020-07-23T18:26:18-06:00 Maurício da Rosa Vollino vollino@gmail.com <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">This article presents results from experiments of the experimental psychology and Neurosciences about the effects of concepts in perceptions. By bringing these results to philosophy, its aim is to relate the effects of the concepts in perceptions with Wittgenstein’s theory about the subject. According to psychologists and neuroscientists, the use of concepts may guide the acknowledgment of sounds, such as recognizing more easily the sound of a blender after hearing the rustle of leaves. Therefore concepts, following Wittgenstein, are skills of cognitive agents, who learn them from a collective use of language.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43158 Algorithm and Language 2020-07-23T18:57:18-06:00 Arildo Marconatto arildomarconatto@hotmail.com Edson Sestari edson.sestari@faccmt.edu.br <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">The aim of this paper is to highlight characteristic elements of the relationship between algorithmic data processing and human language. We also seek to analyze the interactions of human language with the evolution of algorithms and their uses. We conclude that human language is progressively influenced as the goals to be achieved by the algorithms progress and evolve.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43160 The Problem of the Relationship Between Language and World in Heidegger and Wittgenstein 2020-07-23T19:23:10-06:00 Jéferson Luís de Azeredo revista.filosofia@ucr.ac.cr <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">This essay aims to demonstrate that there is an approximation between Heidegger and Wittgenstein in relation to language as a description of the world, founding it as reality. The first position is that one should not oppose these two philosophers considering methodology as the only form of definition. The second central position is that Heidegger and Wittgenstein bring philosophical thought to a construction of the world and man because language exists, and language is possible because there is an image of the world.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43161 Meditations About the Implications of the Seventh Wittgensteinian Aphorism in the Associative Speech of the Psychoanalytical Subject: whereof one cannot speak thereof one must (Really) be silent? 2020-07-23T19:38:46-06:00 Adriano Boettcher Brandes adriano.brandes@hotmail.com <p><span class="T-tulo-resumen--abstract-y-palabras-claves CharOverride-3" style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-weight: 400; color: #000000; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">This essay aims to reflect, specifically, about the statement “</span><span class="Emphasis" style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; font-weight: 400; color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">Whereof one cannot speak</span><span style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">,&nbsp;</span><span class="Emphasis" style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; font-weight: 400; color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">thereof one must be silent</span><span style="font-size: 16px; line-height: 24px !important; color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;" lang="en-US">”, seventh aphorism of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, and its implications on the symbolic capacity of the speaking subject who is concerned in psychoanalytic theory. The fact of having psychism, fruit of a structured language, is the item that makes the human being unique in nature and differentiates us from other animals. What is the price we pay for not speaking about some things?</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filosofia/article/view/43162 Use Theory: considerations about the threat posed by mathematics 2020-07-23T19:56:23-06:00 Jean Borba dos Reis revista.filosofia@ucr.ac.cr <p><span style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; font-size: 16px; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; text-align: justify; text-indent: 18px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial; display: inline !important; float: none;">In this article I deal with the philosophy of language, that is, with the proper basis for telling whether or not something has meaning. More precisely, I will defend the thesis that the meaning of words and things is given in the context of social relations. I will try to answer the objection that mathematics preserves its meaning even if there are no social relations, for it would be as an implicit substance in nature. I will argue, by analogy, that mathematics does not have a different ontological status than other languages and that, therefore, its existence does not constitute a threat to the theory of use.</span></p> 2020-07-23T00:00:00-06:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##