Two new species of <i>Telipogon</i> (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae) from Costa Rica


  • Diego Bogarín Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica, P.O. Box 302-7050 Cartago, Costa Rica.
  • Franco Pupulin Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica, P.O. Box 302-7050 Cartago, Costa Rica.
  • Oscar A. Pérez-Escobar Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, TW9 3AE, London, UK.



biodiversity, Neotropical orchids, new species, Orchidaceae, taxonomy


The Neotropical genus Telipogon (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae), comprising approximately 250 species, exhibits remarkable species diversity in the humid, montane forests of southern Central America and the Tropical Andes. Telipogon, when broadly defined, encompasses both the large-flowered species that mimic tachinid flies and the small-flowered species formerly classified under Stellilabium. In Costa Rica, this genus includes 55 species, with 16 classified as small-flowered species. While the large-flowered species of Telipogon (in the strict sense) have been taxonomically revised, the small-flowered species have yet to be the subject of a thorough taxonomic revision. Our research aims to partially fill this gap by focusing on a comparative morphological analysis of two novel small-flowered Telipogon species. We describe and illustrate Telipogon lateritius and T. muntzii, both discovered in the humid mid-elevation forest of the Caribbean watershed in Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica. Telipogon lateritius is notable for its distinctive brick-colored flowers, featuring sepals, petals, and lips striped in chestnut brown; the lateral sepals connate into a triangular-ovate synsepal, complemented by sparse, stiff pubescence at the base of the lip. Telipogon muntzii, although closely resembling T. anacristinae, differs in its unique olive-green flowers, sparse trichomes on the lip, narrowly oblong lateral lobes of the column, and a helmet-shaped median lobe of the column exclusively covered by simple trichomes. This study provides new additions for a future taxonomic revision of Telipogon in Costa Rica.


Download data is not yet available.


Amezcua-Trigos, M., Pérez-Farrera, M. A., Archila, F., Cházaro-Basáñez, M. & Sosa, V. (2018). A New Species of Telipogon (Orchidaceae) from Mexico and its Phylogenetic Position among MesoAmerican Species. Systematic Botany, 43(1), 9–16.

Bogarín, D. (2012). A new Telipogon from Mexico close to Telipogon standleyi (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Lankesteriana: International Journal on Orchidology, 12(2).

Boza, M. A. (1986). Parques Nacionales Costa Rica. Fundación de Parques Nacionales, Costa Rica. Incafo, Madrid.

Dodson, C. H. & Escobar, R. (1987a). The Telipogons of Costa Rica I. Orquideología, 38(2), 1–69.

Dodson, C. H. & Escobar, R. (1987b). The Telipogons of Costa Rica II. Orquideología, 17(1), 71–137.

Dressler, R. L. (1993). Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family. Dioscorides Press. Portland. Dressler, R. L. (1999). Reconsideration of Stellilabium and Dipterostele. Harvard Papers in Botany, 4(2), 469–473.

Dressler, R. L. (2001). Stellilabium erratum, a comedy of blunders. Lankesteriana, 1(2), 11–13.

Kolanowska, M., Trejo, R. M. & Lipińska, M. (2017). A new species of Stellilabium (Orchidaceae) segregated from S . morganiae. Polish Botanical Journal, 62(1), 21–26.

Martel, C., Edquen, J., Collantes, B. & Ocupa, L. (2020a). Telipogon chachapoyensis (Orchidaceae), a New Species from Peru Similar to T. microglossus. Systematic Botany, 45(2), 227–232. 600/036364420X15862837791285

Martel, C., Francke, W. & Ayasse, M. (2019). The chemical and visual bases of the pollination of the Neotropical sexually deceptive orchid Telipogon peruvianus. New Phytologist, 223, 1989–2001. https://doi. org/10.1111/nph.15902

Martel, C., Neubig, K. M., Williams, N. H. & Ayasse, M. (2020b). The uncinate viscidium and floral setae, an evolutionary innovation and exaptation to increase pollination success in the Telipogon alliance (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Organisms Diversity and Evolution, 20(3), 537–550. s13127-020-00457-w

Neubig, K. M., Whitten, W. M., Williams, N. H., Blanco, M. A., Endara, L., Burleigh, J. G., Silvera, K., Cushman, J. C. & Chase, M. W. (2012). Generic recircumscriptions of Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae: Cymbidieae) based on maximum likelihood analysis of combined DNA datasets. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 168(2), 117–146.

Pabón-Mora, N. & González, F. (2008). Floral ontogeny of Telipogon spp. (Orchidaceae) and insights on the perianth symmetry in the family. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 169(9), 1159–1173. https://

Pérez-Escobar, O. A., Rodríguez, L. K. & Martel, C. (2017a). A new species of Telipogon (Oncidiinae; Orchidaceae) from the paramos of Colombia. Phytotaxa, 305(4), 262–268.

Pérez-Escobar, O. A., Chomicki, G., Condamine, F. L., Karremans, A. P., Bogarín, D., Matzke, N. J., Silvestro, D. & Antonelli, A. (2017b). Recent origin and rapid diversification of Neotropical orchids in the world’s richest plant biodiversity hotspot. New Phytologist, 215(2), 891–905.

POWO. (2024, August 1st). Plants of the World Online. Facilitated by Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved from

Pupulin, F. (2003). Two new species of Stellilabium (Orchidaceae: Telipogoninae) from Costa Rica. Harvard Papers in Botany, 8(1), 29–34.

Pupulin, F. & Bogarín, D. (2023). Telipogon Kunth. In F. Pupulin & collaborators (Eds.), Vanishing Beauty: native Costa Rica orchids. Vol. 3. Restrepia–Zootrophion and Appendices (pp. 1247–1273). Oberreifenberg: Koeltz Botanical Books.

Pupulin, F., Bogarín, D. & Karremans, A. P. (2023). The Lankester Catalogue of Costa Rican Orchidaceae. Lankesteriana: International Journal on Orchidology, 23(Supplement), 1–254. https://doi. org/10.15517/lank.v23iSupplement.58145

Williams, N., Whitten, W. & Dressler, R. (2005). Molecular Systematics of Telipogon and its allies: nuclear and plastid DNA sequence data. Lankesteriana: International Journal on Orchidology, 5(3), 163–184.




How to Cite

Bogarín, D., Pupulin, F., & Pérez-Escobar, O. A. (2024). Two new species of &lt;i&gt;Telipogon&lt;/i&gt; (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae) from Costa Rica. Lankesteriana: International Journal on Orchidology, 24(1), 69–77.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >>