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Esta obra está bajo licencia internacional Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0.
© PENSAR EN MOVIMIENTO (Thinking in/about Motion) , 2014
Detalles del autor
Heat Stroke in Physical Activity and Sports (Original version in English)
Vol. 12 Núm. 2 (2014): Pensar en Movimiento: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud (cierra 31 de diciembre)
Enviado: Sep 10, 2014
Publicado: Dec 24, 2014
Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is one of the leading causes of sudden death in sport and physical activity. In American Football alone, there have been 46-documented EHS fatalities in the United States between 1995 and 2010. In 2003, National Collegiate Athletics Association mandated pre-season heat acclimatization guidelines, which successfully decreased the number of heat stroke fatalities in collegiate American football. However, despite the advancement in modern medical care and increased awareness in heat safety, lack of appropriate on-site medical care is still contributing to EHS seen especially at the youth level. It is well established in scientific literature that fatalities as a result of EHS are largely preventable with proper education on the knowledge of recognition, treatment, and prevention of EHS. This document provides a review of the current best medical practices and evidence on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, recognition, treatment, prevention, and return to play recommendations for EHS, specifically as they relate to sport and physical activity.