Población y Salud en Mesoamérica ISSN electrónico: 1659-0201

OAI: https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/psm/oai
Prevalence of respiratory diseases and symptoms, in colonies hosting stone miners, in San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico
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Keywords

minería pétrea
prevalencia de enfermedades y síntomas respiratorios agudos, percepciones del riesgo
estudio epidemiológico transversal
Rock mining
prevalence of diseases and acute respiratory symptoms
risk perceptions
cross-sectional epidemiological study

How to Cite

Mazariegos García, B. E., González Figueroa, G. A., Gutiérrez Villalpando, V., Álvarez Gordillo, G. del C., & Salvatierra Izabá, E. B. (2022). Prevalence of respiratory diseases and symptoms, in colonies hosting stone miners, in San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico. Población Y Salud En Mesoamérica, 20(2). https://doi.org/10.15517/psm.v20i2.51518

Abstract

Introduction: The study estimated the prevalence rate of Acute Respiratory Diseases and Symptoms (ESRA) and its risk factors (RF), it was carried out in three host neighborhoods: Salsipuedes (200 households), San Miguel (35) and Ampliación San Miguel (9) from the southeast region of the city of San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Mexico, where the Salsipuedes stone mining company of sand and gravel for construction of roads and houses is located, for 35 years of extraction. Methodology: A cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out, it began with a population census, where the survey was accepted in 156 (63.9 % of the total) and a structured questionnaire with closed and open questions was applied to an adult of each family. The questions were oriented to identify the signs and symptoms of incident and prevalent diseases (closed questions), on the other hand, six open qualitative questions related to how do you consider the activity of the sandbank that exists in your neighborhood?, to identify the perceptions of the risk for social, environmental and health damages, and whether or not they associated them with living in those neighboring host neighborhoods of the mining company. Results: The prevalence rate of ESRA in Salsipuedes was 5.6%, San Miguel 12.0% and Ampliación San Miguel 21.9% (total TP=7.6%) (p ≤ 0.05); Nine socioeconomic variables were explored, of which five (wooden wall of the house, proximity to the neighborhood, proximity to the international highway, home ownership and health perception) were statistically associated with stone mining activity with a significance value statistic of (p ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: Mining activities had an impact on ESRA associated with the proximity and conditions of housing and also influenced negative perceptions of health and the environment.

https://doi.org/10.15517/psm.v20i2.51518
PDF (Español (España))

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Copyright (c) 2023 Blanca Eneida Mazariegos García, Gerardo Alberto González Figueroa, Verónica Gutiérrez Villalpando, Guadalupe del Carmen Álvarez Gordillo, Ernesto Benito Salvatierra Izabá

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