Odovtos - International Journal of Dental Sciences ISSN Impreso: 1659-1046 ISSN electrónico: 2215-3411

OAI: https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/Odontos/oai
Chemical and Microscopy Characterization of Trans-Endodontic Implants


Trans-endodontic implants
Zirconium oxide
Scanning electron microscope (SEM)
Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS)
Atomic force microscope (AFM)
Vickers hardness

How to Cite

Larios-Cervantes DDS, A., Aguilera-Galaviz DDS, MSc, PhD, L., Flores Reyes DDS, MSc, PhD, H., Baltazar Hernández DDS, MSc, PhD, V. H., Rodríguez DDS, C., & Gaitán-Fonseca DDS, MSc, PhD, C. (2018). Chemical and Microscopy Characterization of Trans-Endodontic Implants. Odovtos - International Journal of Dental Sciences, 20(2), 81–89. https://doi.org/10.15517/ijds.v20i2.30282


Trans-endodontic implants are an artificial extension through root apex anchored in periradicular bone tissue. The aim is to improve the crown-root ratio and to provide stability to dental organ present. Zirconium oxide (ZrO2) is a material of great technological importance, having good natural color, high strength, high toughness, high chemical stability, does not suffer any corrosion, chemical and microbial resistance and excellent esthetic properties.  Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate chemical and microscopy of surface conditions of ZrO2 trans-endodontic implant. Materials and Methods: A blocks of ZrO2 were manufactured for produce trans-endodontic implants and divided in two groups: monoclinic and tetragonal phase. They were evaluated using Scanning Electroning Microscope (SEM), Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), and Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) and Vickers Micro hardness. Results: The Monoclinic phase through AFM analysis showed roughness Ra = 0.320μm, whereas in the Tetragonal phase was 0.126μm, SEM/EDX indicated that the phases are not properly uniform and the addition of the Yttrium to favor the stabilization of the Tetragonal phase. The Vickers hardness analysis showed a value of 1500HV.  Conclusion: The characterization of the surface of trans-endodontic zirconium oxide implants provides a guideline to know the surface characteristics of the material, since a greater roughness on the surface of the implant will favor the Osseo-integration capacity.



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