Bone lesions of the jaws have their origin from odontogenic and non-odontogenic structures. They can be benign or malignant, asymptomatic, they can be located around the root of the tooth, around the crown and in the interradicular area or they may not be related to the teeth. OBJECTIVE: to determine the frequency of the different bone lesions and the concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis, in the clinical internship of the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Costa Rica (UCR). METHODOLOGY: retrospective study of bone lesions recovered from the biopsy archive of the Faculty of Dentistry of the UCR from 2008 to 2015. Information on sex, age, location of the lesion, clinical diagnosis and diagnosis were evaluated and described. The agreement between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis was verified by the Kappa test. RESULTS: The 77 cases of oral bone lesions preferentially affected men 53.8% (n=41), the average age was 34.7 years (s.d.±19.6) and with lesions predominantly located in the posterior jaw 36.4% (n=28) and anterior maxilla 35.1% (n=27). Odontogenic cysts (OC) 42.9% (n=33), non-specific or unclassified diagnosis 28.6% (n=22) and inflammatory lesions of pulp and periapical origin 14.2% (n=11). TOs accounted for 7.8% (n=6) of the lesions. The four most predominant lesions were the radicular cyst, nonspecific diagnosis, dentigerous cyst and periapical granuloma. Concordance with the first diagnostic hypothesis was presented in 24 (31.2%) cases, the value of Kappa was 0.274 (discrete concordance) and 20.8% without clinical diagnosis only a description of the lesion. CONCLUSIONS: The OC were the predominant; being individually the radicular cyst the most frequent lesion. The clinical and histopathological concordance was discrete.

Keywords: Biopsy; Oral pathology; Bone; Epidemiology; Clinical diagnosis.