Odovtos - International Journal of Dental Sciences ISSN Impreso: 1659-1046 ISSN electrónico: 2215-3411

OAI: https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/Odontos/oai
The Effect of Whitening Toothpastes on Colour Change and Surface Roughness of Restorative Materials


Toothpastes; Colour; Composite resins.
Pastas dentales; Color; Resinas compuestas.

How to Cite

Dayi, B., & Öcal, F. (2023). The Effect of Whitening Toothpastes on Colour Change and Surface Roughness of Restorative Materials. Odovtos - International Journal of Dental Sciences, 25(2), 40–52. https://doi.org/10.15517/ijds.2022.52728


To examine the colour change and surface roughness of giomer, microhybrid composite and nanohybrid composite after brushing with whitening toothpastes. Disc-shaped samples of giomer, microhybrid composite and nanohybrid composite were divided into three subgroups(n=10), with the initial colour measured with a spectrophotometer and the surface roughness measured with a mechanical profilometer. The samples, which were immersed in coffee solution were brushed once a day with whitening toothpastes (Opalescence Cool Mint (OCM), Colgate Optic White Extra Power (COW) and Signal White Now Gold (SWN)) for 12 days. Colour change and surface roughness were measured again after the colouring-brushing cycle. All of the analyses were performed using appropriate statistical hypothesis tests. The highest increase in surface roughness was seen in the microhybrid composite group applied with SWN (p<0.05). The group with the least increase was the giomer group applied with SWN (p<0.05). While the least colour change was observed in the COW applied nanohybrid composite group (∆E00=1,814), the most colour change occurred in the COW applied giomer group (∆E00=5.943). After the use of whitening toothpastes, the roughness of giomer, microhybrid composite and nanohybrid composite surfaces was increased and a colour change above the clinically accepted value was observed.



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