Rhabdovirus in papaya (Carica papaya L.) in the southeast of Mexico.
In commercial papaya plantations of the southeastern Mexican States of Chiapas, Tabasco, Oaxaca and Veracruz, 0.1 to 10% incidence of plants with peculiar symptoms were observed, sampled and studied for viral infections. Stem internodes were shorter than normal, the leaves were smaller and harder. There was necrosis in younger leaves, petioles were shorter and curved with reddish-gray stripes, and flower and small fruits were standing upright. In negative staining bullet-shaped particles were observed, as well as rod shaped and isometric ones. Bacilliform particles with a perinuclear membrane were also observed within the nucleus in ultra thin preparations, and stained preparations inclusions were present in the nucleus of the floem. The disease could not be mechanically nor seed transmitted. The incidence was higher in the summer than in the winter. All the description coincided with an infection by the papaya apical necrosis Rhabdovirus, although mixed with the papaya ringspot Potyvirus and with an isometric particle not identified.
CAMBELL, R.N.; LIN, M.T. 1972. Broccoli necrotic yellows virus. Descriptions of plant viruses No.115. Commonwealth mycological institute. Association of applied biologist. Kew Surrey, England. 4 p.
COOK, A.A. 1972. Virus diseases of papaya. Fla. Agric. Exp. Stn. Tech. Bull. 750. 19 p.
CHRISTIE, J.R.; EDWARDSON, J.R. 1977. Light and electron microscopy of plant virus inclusions. Fla. Agr. Expt. Sta. Monogr. Ser. 9. 150 p.
EDWARDSON, J.R.; CHRISTIE, R.G. 1978. Use of virus induced inclusions in classification and diagnosis. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 16: 31-55.
FARIÑAS, M.E. 1990. Principales plagas y enfermedades que afectan el cultivo de papaya en Cuba. CIDA.Cd. de la Habana. 32 p.
FRANCKI, R.I.B.; MILNE, R.G.; HATTA, T. 1987. Atlas of plant viruses. Vol I. C.R.C. Press. pp. 73-100.
LASTRA, R.; QUINTERO, E. 1981. Papaya apical necrosis, a new disease associated with a rhabdovirus. Plant Disease. 65: 439-440.
MEJÍAS, Y.; RODRÍGUEZ, D.;GONZÁLEZ, G. 1987. Rhabodovirus asociado a síntomas de necrosis apical en fruta bomba Carica papaya en Cuba. Cienc. Tec. Agric. Protección de plantas 10:57-62.
PETERS, D. 1981. Plant Rhabdovirus group. Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 244. Commonwealth mycological institute. Association of applied biologist. Kew Surrey, England. 6 p.
RODRÍGUEZ, E.J.G. 1994. Distribución de las virosis del papayo en México. Tesis Mag. Sc. Colegio de Postgraduados. Montecillos, Edo. de México. 84 p.
STORY, G.E.; HALLIWELL, R.S. 1969. Association of a mycoplasmalike organism with the bunchy top disease of papaya. Phytopathology 59: 1336-1337.
TÉLIZ, O.D.; MORA, A.G.; NIETO, A.D.; GONSALVES, D.; GARCIA, E.; MATHEIS, L.; AVILA, C. 1991. La mancha anular del papayo en México. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología. 9: 64-68.
WAN, S.H.; CONOVER, R.A. 1981. ARhabdovirus associated with a new disease of Florida papayas. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 94: 318-321.
WAN, S.H.; CONOVER, R.A. 1983. Incidence and distribution of papaya viruses in Southern Florida. Plant Disease. 67: 353-356.
ZETTLER F.W.; WAN, S.H. 1994. Papaya diseases caused by virus. In: Compendium of tropical fruit diseases. (Eds.) Ploetz, R.C., Zentmeyer, G.A., Nishijima, W.T., Rohrbach, K.G. and Ohr, H.D. APS, St. Paul Minnesota, USA. pp. 66-68.
How to Cite
1. Proposed policy for open access journals
Authors who publish in this journal accept the following conditions:
a. Authors retain the copyright and assign to the journal the right to the first publication, with the work registered under the attribution, non-commercial and no-derivative license from Creative Commons, which allows third parties to use what has been published as long as they mention the authorship of the work and upon first publication in this journal, the work may not be used for commercial purposes and the publications may not be used to remix, transform or create another work.
b. Authors may enter into additional independent contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the article published in this journal (e.g., including it in an institutional repository or publishing it in a book) provided that they clearly indicate that the work was first published in this journal.
c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to publish their work on the Internet (e.g. on institutional or personal pages) before and during the review and publication process, as it may lead to productive exchanges and faster and wider dissemination of published work (see The Effect of Open Access).