Abstract

The aim of this study was to perform a classification of the farms in the rural area of Ibague, Colombia. Between March and April 2013, 55 surveys were applied in five districts. The survey covered human, social, physical, financial, and natural aspects. The classification showed three types of farms: group 1 had a significant proportion of soil under pastures (3.71 ± 5.88 ha) and these were typical systems of peasant economy, which combine agricultural and livestock activities. Group 2 was basically made up of farms dedicated to grow coffee; its surface was small (3.15 ± 2,31 ha). In group 3, farms with land use under pastures predominated; these farms had atypical characteristics, particularly by its size (52.43 ± 111.51 ha). Both agricultural and livestock productive diversity predominated, as well as the typical social heterogeneity of peasant societies.

Keywords: peasant community, land uses, livestock, agriculture.