https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/agromesoAgronomía Mesoamericana ISSN electrónico: 2215-3608

Qualitative selection of cuttings of Vanilla planifolia Andrews on the survival and morphogenetic development

José Bernal Azofeifa-Bolaños, German Rivera-Coto, Amelia Paniagua-Vásquez, Roberto Cordero-Solórzano



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15517/ma.v29i3.32213

Abstract


In Costa Rica, an urgent ex situ national conservation program for V. planifolia is needed due to the rarity, high risk of extinction in the wild and the economic importance; that places it, as the most profitable orchid worldwide. Due to the lack of research about wild species conservation and the importance to evaluate the agronomic performance of the wild-type relatives, as a strategy to increase the reduced genetic variability, the aim of this research was to evaluate the acclimatization capacity and morphogenetic performance of wild V. planifolia under nursery conditions. The effect of two treatments 1) qualitatively selected cuttings according to their phytosanitary quality, mechanical damage and vigorousness and 2) cuttings without selection, were evaluated. Some growth variables were evaluated: survival rate, weight, length, number of nodes of the new and original shoot; number and weight of the roots The survival of the selected cuttings was greater (60%) than those that were not (45%). The morphogenetic responses of the selected explants were statistically significant for all variables evaluated. This is the first time that an initial process of acclimatization and morphogenetic performance with a known genotype individual of V. planifolia, is reported under greenhouse condition, in Costa Rica. Therefore, it is the first attempt to the ex situ conservation of the species as a part of an integrated program focus on the in situ conservation in a systematic and sustainable way, as well as, the first values of the vigorousness to some growth variables out of natural conditions.

Keywords


vanilla; Costa Rica; wild species; agronomic potential.

References


Arango, D.A., y F. Moreno. 2011. Desarrollo inicial de la vainilla (Vanilla planifolia Andrews, Orchidaceae) bajo diferentes usos de la tierra y condiciones climáticas en Colombia. En: I. Lombardi et al., editores, Congreso Forestal Latinoamericano. Cámara Nacional Forestal, Lima, PER. p. 1-17.

Azofeifa-Bolaños, J.B., L.R. Gigant, M. Nicolás-García, M. Pignal, F.B. Tavares-González, E. Hágsater, G.A. Salazar-Chávez, D. Reyes-López, F.L. Archila-Morales, J.A. García-García, D. da-Silva, A. Allibert, F. Solano-Campos, G.C. Rodríguez-Jimenes, A. Paniagua-Vásquez, P. Besse, A. Pérez-Silva, and M. Grisoni. 2017. A new vanilla species from Costa Rica closely related to V. planifolia (Orchidaceae). Eur. J. Taxon. 284:1-26. doi:10.5852/ejt.2017.284

Azofeifa-Bolaños, J.B., A. Paniagua-Vásquez, y J.A. García-García. 2014. Importancia y desafíos de la conservación de Vanilla spp. (Orchidaceae) en Costa Rica. Agron. Mesoam. 25:189-202. doi:10.15517/am.v25i1.14220

Baltazar-Nieto, P. 2010. Caracteres morfológicos de vainilla utilizados por el agricultor en la selección del material reproductivo en cuatro municipios del Totonacapan, México. Tesis M.Sc., Colegio de Postgraduados, Puebla, MEX.

Bory, S., M. Grisoni, M.F. Duval, and P. Besse. 2008a. Biodiversity and preservation of vanilla: present state of knowledge. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 55:551-571. doi:10.1007/s10722-007-9260-3

Bory, S., P. Lubinsky, A.M. Risterucci, J.L. Noyer, M. Grisoni, M.F. Duval, and P. Besse. 2008b. Patterns of introduction and diversification of Vanilla planifolia (Orchidaceae) in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean). Am. J. Bot. 95:805-815. doi:10.3732/ajb.2007332

Divakaran, M., K.N. Babu, and K.V. Peter. 2006. Conservation of Vanilla species, in vitro. Sci. Hort. 110:175-180. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2006.07.003

Duval, M.F., S. Bory, S. Andrzejewski, M. Grisoni, P. Besse, S. Causse, C. Charon, M. Dron, E. Odoux, et M. Wong. 2006. Diversité génétique des vanilliers dans leurs zones de dispersion secondaire. Les Actes du BRG 6:181-196.

Flanagan, N.S., and A.T. Mosquera-Espinosa. 2016. An integrated strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of native Vanilla species in Colombia. Lankesteriana 16:201-218. doi:10.15517/lank.v16i2.26007

Havkin-Frenkel, D., and F.C. Belanger. 2007. Application of metabolic engineering to vanillin biosynthetic pathways in Vanilla planifolia. In: R. Verpoorte et al., editors, Applications of plant metabolic engineering. Springer, HOL. p. 175-196.

Hernández-Ruíz, J., B.E. Herrera-Cabrera, A. Delgado-Alvarado, V.M. Salazar-Rojas, Á. Bustamante-González, J.E. Campos-Contreras, y J. Ramírez-Juárez. 2016. Distribución potencial y características geográficas de poblaciones silvestres de Vanilla planifolia (Orchidaceae) en Oaxaca, México. Rev. Biol. Trop. 64:235-246. doi:10.15517/rbt.v64i1.17854

Karremans, A.P., and C. Lehmann. 2018. A highly threatened new species of Vanilla from Costa Rica. Lindleyana 87:304-307.

Lubinsky, P., S. Bory, J. Hernández-Hernández, S.C. Kim, and A. Gómez-Pompa. 2008. Origins and dispersal of cultivated vanilla (Vanilla planifolia Jacks. [Orchidaceae]). Econ. Bot. 62(2):127-138. doi:10.1007/s12231-008-9014-y

Minoo, D., V.N. Jayakumar, S.S. Veena, J. Vimala, A. Basha, K.V. Saji, K. Nirmal, and K.V. Peter. 2008. Genetic variations and interrelationships in Vanilla planifolia and few related species as expressed by RAPD polymorphism. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 55:459-470. doi:10.1007/s10722-007-9252-3

Rivera-Coto, G. 2017. Conceptos introductorios a la fitopatología. 2a ed. EUNED, San José, CRC.

SAS Institute. 1994. The SAS system for Windows. Release 9.4. SAS Inst., Cary, NC, USA.

Soto-Arenas, M.A. 1999. Informe final SNIB-CONABIO proyecto No. J101. Filogeografía y recursos genéticos de las vainillas de México. Instituto Chinoin AC, México D.F., MEX.

Soto-Arenas, M.A., y A.R. Solano-Gómez. 2007. Vanilla planifolia. En: M.A. Soto-Arenas, editor, Fichas de especies del proyecto W029: Información actualizada sobre especies de orquídeas del PROY-NOM-059-ECOL- 2000. Bases de datos SNIB-CONABIO. Instituto Chinoin A.C., México, D.F., MEX. p. 1-18. http://www.conabio.gob.mx/conocimiento/ise/fichasnom/Vanillaplanifolia00.pdf (consultado 23 junio 2018).

Soto, M. 2006. La vainilla: retos y perspectivas de su cultivo. Biodiversitas 66:1-9.

Vega, M., M. Hernández, B.E. Herrera-Cabrera, and A. Wegier. 2017. Vanilla planifolia. The IUCN red list of threatened species 2017:e.T103090930A103090933. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T103090930A103090933.en (consultado 23 jun. 2018).

Verma, P.C., D. Chakrabarty, S.N. Jena, D.K. Mishra, P.K. Singh, S.V. Sawant, and R. Tuli. 2009. The extent of genetic diversity among Vanilla species: Comparative results for RAPD and ISSR. Ind. Crops Prod. 29:581-589. doi:10.1016/j.indcrop.2008.11.006


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Mesoamerican Agronomy

© 2017 Universidad de Costa Rica. Para ver más detalles sobre la distribución de los artículos en este sitio visite el aviso legal. Este sitio es desarrollado por UCRIndex y Open Journal Systems. ¿Desea cosechar nuestros metadatos? dirección OAI-PMH: https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/index/oai