https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/actualidadesActualidades en Psicología ISSN Impreso: 0258-6444 ISSN electrónico: 2215-3535

Adaptación de dos medidas de apoyo social en estudiantes universitarios argentinos

Mauricio Federico Zalazar Jaime, Marcos Cupani



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15517/ap.v30i120.21809

Resumen


El soporte social constituye un importante constructo en el ámbito educativo, el cual influye en términos comportamentales, cognitivos y afectivos. Aunque en la literatura internacional existen numerosos instrumentos que permiten evaluar dicho constructo, en Argentina no se dispone de escalas que permitan evaluar el apoyo percibido por los estudiantes. Por tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo consistió en adaptar las escalas de Apoyo Social para Niños y Adolescentes (Malecki, Demaray & Elliot, 2003) y Soporte Académico (Lent et al., 2005) en estudiantes universitarios. Para ello, en este estudio participaron 551 estudiantes de diferentes carreras dictadas en la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (Argentina). Para ambos instrumentos, los resultados indicaron valores satisfactorios de consistencia interna (confiabilidad compuesta, ρ > .70) y, además, se logró replicar la estructura original de cada medida mediante análisis factorial confirmatorio. Se destacan las limitaciones y se sugieren nuevas líneas de estudio. 


Palabras clave


Escala de apoyo social para niños y adolescentes; soporte académico; soporte social; estudiantes universitarios

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