Techniques for in vitro conservation and their use for establishing germplasm banks of tropical crops.
Keywords:Cryopreservation, tissue culture, phytogenetic resources.
The aim of this literature review is to describe
the main techniques for short and long term germplasm
conservation. These techniques allow establishment of
germplasm banks. This article focuses on their use
in tropical crops. In vitro preservation techniques
have allowed conservation of plant genetic resources
for further use in plant breeding, research and food
security purposes. Several research centers have used
these techniques for tissue and seed storage of tropical
crops, mainly for those that are difficult to preserve
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