https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/agromesoAgronomía Mesoamericana ISSN electrónico: 2215-3608

Effect of Caryodendron orinocense on dry matter degradation

Pablo Losada Aguilar, Aurora Cuesta Peralta, Juan de Jesús Vargas Martínez



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15517/ma.v28i3.25572

Abstract


The objective of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro and in situ dry matter degradation by including cacay cake (Caryodendron orinocense) on a diet based on Brachiaria dictyoneura. The experiment was developed in an animal nutrition laboratory on the Animal Sciences Faculty at the Universidad de Ciencias Aplicadas y Ambientales, Bogotá, Colombia, in July 2015. Four treatments were evaluated: B. dictyoneura, cacay cake and two mixtures of B. dictyoneura: cacay cake (80:20 and 60:40). The chemical composition and the in vitro and in situ degradability of the dry matter and the crude protein, at 48 hours were determined. The variables were analyzed through a complete randomized design with four treatments. The inclusion of cacay cake decreased the cell wall-associated with carbohydrate concentration and increased the higher digestibility nutrients; the crude protein and dry matter, in situ and in vitro degradability increased 22, 6 and 38%, respectively. In conclusion, the inclusion of cacay cake on a diet of B. dictyoneura improves dry matter degradation in vitro and in situ conditions.


Keywords


animal feeding; by-product; supplementation; cacay cake.

References


AOAC (Association of Official Agricultural Chemists). 2005. Official methods of analysis. AOAC, WA, USA.

Bhatta, R., K. Tajima, N. Takusari, K. Higuchi, O. Enishi, and M. Kurihara. 2007. Comparison of in vitro and in vivo techniques for methane production form ruminant diets. Asia-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:1049-1056.

Blümmel, M., H.P. Makkar, and K. Becker. 1997. In vitro gas production: a technique revisited. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutri. 77:24-34.

Cárdenas, D., y J. Ramírez. 2004. Plantas útiles y su incorporación a los sistemas productivos del departamento de Guaviare (Amazonía colombiana). Caldasia 26:95-110.

Carulla, J.E., y E. Ortega, E. 2016. Sistemas de producción lechera en Colombia: retos y oportunidades. Arch. Latinoam. Prod. Anim. 24(2):83-87.

Castro, E., J.E. Mojica, J.M. León, M.L. Pabón, J.E. Carulla, y E.A. Cárdenas. 2008. Productividad de pasturas y producción de leche bovina bajo pastoreo de gramínea y gramínea + Lotus uliginosus en Mosquera, Colombia. Rev. Med. Vet. Zoot. 55:9-21.

Cisneros, D.E., y A. Díaz. 2006. Obtención de aceite de la nuez de Caryodendron orinocense originaria del departamento del Caquetá en la planta piloto de la Universidad de La Salle. Tesis Lic., Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá, COL.

Holmann, F., L. Rivas, J. Carulla, B. Rivera, L. Giraldo, S. Guzmán, M. Martínez, A. Medina, y A. Farrow. 2003. Evolución de los sistemas de producción de leche y su interrelación con los mercados: un análisis del caso colombiano. Documento de trabajo #193. CIAT, ILRI, y SLP, Cali, COL.

Huntington, J., and D. Givens. 1995. The in situ technique for studying the rumen degradation feeds: A review of the procedure. Nut. Abst. Review. (Series B) 95:63-93.

Lee, R.F., L.J. Harris, J.M. Moorby, M.O. Humphreys, M.K. Theodorou, J.C. MacRae, and N.D. Scollan. 2002. Rumen metabolism and nitrogen flow to the small intestine in steers offered Lolium perenne containing different levels of watersoluble carbohydrate. Anim. Sci. 74:587-596.

López, S. 2005. In vitro and in situ techniques for estimating digestibility. In: J. Dijkstra et al., editors, Quantitative aspects of ruminant digestion and metabolism. 2nd ed. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, GBR. p. 87-122.

Martínez, R., N. Martínez, y M.V. Martínez. 2011. Diseño de experimentos en ciencias agropecuarias y biológicas con SAS, SPSS, R y Statistix. 1a ed. Fondo Nacional Universitario, Bogotá, COL.

Miller, L.A., J.M. Moorby, D.R. Davies, M.O. Humphreys, N.D. Scollan, J.C. MacRae, and M.K. Theodorou. 2001. Increased concentration of water-soluble carbohydrate in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.): milk production from late-lactation dairy cows. Grass Forage Sci. 56:383-394.

Minson, D.J. 1990. Forage in ruminant nutrition. 1st ed. Academic Press Inc., CA, USA.

Molina, I.C., J.M. Cantet, S. Montoya, G.A. Correa, and R. Barahona. 2013. In vitro methane production from two tropical grasses alone or in combination with Leucaena leucocephala or Gliricidia sepium. Rev. CES Med. Zootec. 8(2):15-31.

NRC (National Research Council). 2001. Nutrient requirement of dairy cattle. 7th ed. National Academy Press, WA, DC, USA.

Ørskov, E.R., F.D. Hovell, and F. Mould. 1980. The use of nylon bag technique for the evaluation of feedstuffs. Trop. Anim. Prod. 5:195-213.

Padilla, F.C., T. Guédez, M.J. Alfaro, M. Regnault, y A.M. Rincón. 2010. Fraccionamiento y caracterización de las proteínas solubles de la harina de nuez de Barinas (Caryodendron orinocense K.). Rev. Inst. Nac. Hig. 41:38-42.

Posada, S.L., J.F. Ramírez, y R. Rosero. 2014. Producción de metano y digestibilidad de mezclas kikuyo (Pennisetum clandestinum) – papa (Solanum tuberosum). Agron. Mesoam. 25:141-150.

Rodrigues, A.M., J.W. Cone, L.M.M. Ferreira, M.C. Blok, and C.V.M. Guedes. 2009. Relationship between in situ degradation kinetics and in vitro gas production fermentation using different mathematical models. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 151:86-96.

Russell, J.B., J.D. O´Connor, D.G. Fox, P.J. Van-Soest, and C.J. Sniffen. 1992. A net carbohydrate and protein system for evaluating cattle diets: I. Ruminal fermentation. J. Anim. Sci. 70:3551-3561.

Sánchez, T., L. Laméla, y O. López. 2010. Efecto de la suplementación con residuos de destilería del maíz en el comportamiento de novillas en una asociación de gramínea y leucaena. Pastos y Forrajes 33(3). payfo.ihatuey.cu/index.php/pasto/article/view/604

SAS. 2004. SAS/STAT 9.1.3 User’s guide. Version 9.1.3. Version 9.1.3. SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA.

Tilley, J.M.A., and R.A. Terry. 1963. A two-stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. J. Brit. Grass. Soc. 18:104-111.

Thornley, J.H.M., and J. France. 2007. Mathematical model in agriculture. CABI Publishing, and Cromwell Press, Trowbridge, GBR.

Van-Amburgh, M.E., E.A. Collao-Saenz, R.J. Higgs, D.A. Ross, E.B. Recktenwald, E. Raffrenato, L.E. Chase, T.R. Overton, J.K. Mills, and A. Foskolos. 2015. The Cornell net carbohydrate and protein system: updates to the model and evaluation of version 6.5. J. Dairy Sci. 98:6361-6380.

Van-Soest, P., J. Roberton, and B. Lewis. 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral fiber and no starch polysaccharides in relation to nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597.

Van-Wyngaard, J.D.V., R. Meeske, and L.J. Erasmus. 2015. Effect of palm kernel expeller as supplementation on production performance of jersey cows grazing kikuyu-ryegrass pasture. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 199:29-40.

Vargas, J.J., E.A. Cárdenas, O.L. Mayorga, M.L. Pabón, and J.E. Carulla. 2013. Changes in methane emissions due species, maturity, and legume proportions in grass:legume mixtures incubated in vitro of Colombian highland forages. In: C. Thomas et al., editors, Advances in animal bioscience: Proceedings of the 5th Greenhouse Gases and Animal Agriculture Conference. Cambridge University Press, Dublin, IRD. p. 512. doi:10.1017/S2040470013000113

Vargas, J., M. Pabón, y J. Carulla. 2014. Producción de metano in vitro en mezcla de gramíneas-leguminosas del trópico alto colombiano. Arch. Zootec. 63:397-407.

Wang, M., S.X. Tang, and Z.L. Tan. 2011. Modeling in vitro gas production kinetics: Derivation of Logistic-Exponential (LE) equations and comparison models. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 165:137-150.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




© 2017 Universidad de Costa Rica. Para ver más detalles sobre la distribución de los artículos en este sitio visite el aviso legal. Este sitio es desarrollado por UCRIndex y Open Journal Systems. ¿Desea cosechar nuestros metadatos? dirección OAI-PMH: https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/index/oai