In this work the objective was to determine the productivity of grain and forage of five yellow three-way hybrids compared to white hybrids developed by FESC-UNAM and INIFAP, and the commercial hybrid Buho from Asgrow. Three experiments were planted during 2009; two in CEVAMEX for evaluating grain yield and the other in the FESC-UNAM for evaluating forage production. For yield, the combined analysis detected highly significant differences for hybrids, hybrid trials and interaction x trials (P≤0.01). The coefficient of variation was 17.7 per cent and the overall average of 7,113 kg/ha. The white hybrids Puma 1167 and Puma 1163 had the best grain yielding 9,549 kg/ ha and 8748 kg/ha, respectively. In contrast, the yellow hybrids had a similar performance shown in previous years and represent 136.0% and 112.4% with respect to H-48. The experiment to evaluate forage was planted with a density of 70,000 plants/ha. Puma 1163 and Buho had better forage production (P≤0.05) than the other hybrids evaluated. Hybrid Puma 1163 presented good yields of grain, green forage and dry matter by what could be used in dual purpose, grain and forage production.
Keywords: silage, Zea mays L., productivity, improved varieties.