https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbtRevista de Biología Tropical ISSN Impreso: 0034-7744 ISSN electrónico: 2215-2075

Habitat features influencing jaguar Panthera onca (Carnivora: Felidae) occupancy in Tortuguero National Park, Costa Rica

Stephanny Arroyo-Arce, James Guilder, Roberto Salom-Pérez



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15517/rbt.v62i4.13314

Abstract


Habitat characteristics and human activities are known to play a major role in the occupancy of jaguars Panthera onca across their range, however the key variables influencing jaguar distribution in Tortuguero National Park, Costa Rica, have yet to be identified. This study evaluated jaguar occupancy in Tortuguero National Park and the surrounding area. Jaguar detection/non-detection data was collected using digital camera traps distributed within the boundaries of the protected area. Local community members were also interviewed to determine jaguar occurrence in the Park's buffer zone. Occupancy models were then applied to identify the habitat characteristics that may better explain jaguar distribution across the study area. From June 2012 to June 2013, a total of 4 339 camera trap days were used to identify 18 individual jaguars inside the protected area; 17 of these jaguars were exclusively detected within the coastal habitat, whilst the remaining individual was detected solely within the interior of the Park. Interviewees reported 61 occasions of jaguar presence inside the buffer zone, between 1995 and 2013, with 80% of these described by the communities of Lomas de Sierpe, Barra de Parismina and La Aurora. These communities also reported the highest levels of livestock predation by jaguars (85% of attacks). In the study area, jaguar occurrence was positively correlated with the seasonal presence of nesting green turtles Chelonia mydas, and negatively correlated with distance to the Park boundary. Our findings suggested that the current occupancy of the jaguar in the study area may be a response to: 1) the vast availability of prey (marine turtles) on Tortuguero beach, 2) the decline of its primary prey species as a result of illegal hunting inside the Park, and 3) the increase in anthropogenic pressures in the Park boundaries.

 

Stephanny Arroyo-Arce1*, James Guilder2 & Roberto Salom-Pérez3

 

1Instituto Internacional en Conservación y Manejo de Vida Silvestre, Universidad Nacional, 1350-3000 Heredia, Costa Rica; sturnina@gmail.com

2Global Vision International/GVI Costa Rica, 230-60601 Quepos, Costa Rica; jamesguilder@gmail.com

3Panthera Costa Rica, 8-3870-1000 San José, Costa Rica; rsalom@panthera.org

* Correspondence


Keywords


Panthera onca, marine turtles, human pressures, occupancy models, Tortuguero National Park.

References


Amit, R., Rojas, K., Alfaro, L. D., & Carrillo, E. (2009). Conservación de felinos y sus presas dentro de fincas ganaderas (Informe Técnico). Heredia, Costa Rica: Programa Jaguar-ICOMVIS-UNA.

Arroyo-Arce, S. (2013). Selección de hábitat del jaguar (Panthera onca) y su situación en el área de amortiguamiento, Parque Nacional Tortuguero, Costa Rica. (Tesis de maestría). Instituto Internacional en Conservación y Manejo de Vida Silvestre, Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica.

Atkinson, C., Nolasco del Aguila, D., & Harrison, E. (2011). Report on the 2010 green turtle program at Tortuguero, Costa Rica. Sea Turtle Conservancy, Tortuguero, Costa Rica (Technical Report). San José, Costa Rica: Sea Turtle Conservancy.

Azevedo, F. (2008). Food habits and livestock depredation of sympatric jaguars and pumas in the Iguaçu National Park Area, South Brazil. Biotropica, 40(4), 494-500.

Barnes, V. (1990). The influence of salmon availability on movements and range of brown bears on Southwest Kodiak Island. International Conference on Bear Research and Management, 8, 305-313.

Bermudez, F. A. & Hernandez, C. (2004). Plan de manejo del Parque Nacional Tortuguero (Informe Técnico). San José, Costa Rica: Ministerio del Ambiente y Energía.

Burnham, K. P. & Anderson, D. R. (2002). Model selection and multimodel inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. New York: Springer.

Burnham, K. P., Anderson, D. R., & Huyvaert, K. P. (2011). AIC model selection and multimodel inference in behavioral ecology: some background, observations, and comparisons. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65(1), 23-35.

Cardillo, M., Mace, G. M., Jones, K. E., Bielby, J., & Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. (2005). Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species. Science, 309(5738), 1239-1241.

Carrillo-Jiménez, E., Morera-Avila, R. A., & Wong-Reyes, G. (1994). Depredación de tortuga lora (Lepidochelys olivacea) y de tortuga verde (Chelonia mydas) por el jaguar (Panthera onca). Vida Silvestre Neotropical, 3(1), 48-49.

Carrillo, E. (2000). Ecology and conservation of white-lipped peccaries and jaguars in Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica. (Doctoral dissertation). University of Massachusetts, Massachusetts, USA.

Carrillo, E., Fuller, T. K., & Sáenz, J. C. (2009). Jaguar (Panthera onca) hunting activity: effects of prey distribution and availability. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25(5), 563-567.

Ceballos, G., Ehrlich, P. R., Soberon, J., Salazar, I., & Fay, J. P. (2005). Global mammal conservation: what must be manage? Science, 309(5734), 603-607.

Chávez, J. C. (2010). Ecología y conservación del jaguar (Panthera onca) y puma (Puma concolor) en la región de Calakmul y sus implicaciones para la conservación de la península de Yucatán. (Tesis de maestría). Universidad de Granada, España.

Chinchilla, F. (1997). La dieta del jaguar (Panthera onca), el puma (Felis concolor) y el manigordo (Felis pardalis) (Carnivora: Felidae) en el Parque Nacional Corcovado, Costa Rica. Revista de Biología Tropical, 45(3), 1223-1229.

Conde, D. A., Colchero, F., Zarza, H., Christensen, N. L., Sexton, J. O., Manterola, C., Cháve, C., Rivera, A., Azuara, D., & Ceballos, G. (2010). Sex matters: modeling male and female habitat differences for jaguar conservation. Biological Conservation, 143(9), 1980-1988.

Cullen, L. (2006). Jaguars as landscape detectives for the conservation of Atlantic Forest in Brazil. (Doctoral dissertation). University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom.

Gavashelishvili, A. & Lukarevskiy, V. (2008). Modeling the habitat requirements of leopard Panthera pardus in West and Central Asia. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45(2), 579-588.

Gittleman, J. L. (1989). Carnivore behavior, ecology and evolution. New York: Cornell University Press.

Hayward, M. W. & Kerley, G. I. H. (2005). Prey preferences of the lion (Panthera leo). Journal of Zoology, 267(3), 309-322.

Holdridge, L. (1969). Ecología basada en zonas de vida. San José, Costa Rica: Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agrícolas.

Hoogestijn, R., Hoojestijn, A., & Mondolfi, E. (1993). Jaguar predation and conservation: cattle mortality caused by felines on three ranches in the Venezuelan Llanos. In N. Dunstone & M. L. Gorman (Eds.), Mammals as predators: proceedings symposia of the Zoological Society of London (pp. 391-407). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hoogestijn, R. & Hoogestijn, A. (2010). Estrategias para mitigar la depredación por grandes felinos en fincas ganaderas en Latinoamérica: una guía. Brasil: Panthera.

Hopcraft, J. G., Sinclair, R. E., & Packer, C. (2005). Planning for success: Serengeti lions seek prey accessibility rather than abundance. Journal of Animal Ecology, 74(3), 559-566.

IUCN. (2013). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Version 2013.1. Retrieve from http://www.iucnredlist.org

Johnson, A., Vongkhamheng, C., Hedemark, M., & Saithongdam, T. (2006). Effects of human-carnivore conflict on tiger (Panthera tigris) and prey populations in Lao PDR. Animal Conservation, 9(4), 421-430.

Ling, F. (2002). Diagnóstico de la situación actual de los recursos naturales en los sitios críticos del Corredor Biológico Mesoamericano, Sección Tortuguero. (Informe Técnico). San José, Costa Rica: FONAFIFO.

Long, R. A., Donovan, T. M., MacKay, P., Zielinski, W. J., & Buzas, J. S. (2010). Predicting carnivore occurrence with noninvasive surveys and occupancy modeling. Landscape Ecology, 26(3), 327-340.

López-González, C. & Miller, B. (2002). Do jaguars (Panthera onca) depend on large prey? Western North American Naturalist, 62(2), 218-222.

MacKenzie, D. I., Nichols, J. D., Lachman, G. B., Droege, S., Royle, J. A., & Langtimm, C. A. (2002). Estimating site occupancy rates when detection probabilities are less than one. Ecology, 83(8), 2248-2255.

MacKenzie, D. I., Nichols, J. D., Royle, J. A., Pollock, K., Bailey, L., & Hines, J. (2006). Occupancy estimation and modeling. London: Elsevier.

Marshall, M. N. (1996). Sampling for qualitative research. Family Practice, 13(6), 522-525.

Michalski, F., Boulhosa, R. L., Faria, A., & Peres, C. A. (2006). Human-wildlife conflicts in a fragmented Amazonian forest landscape: determinants of large felid depredation on livestock. Animal Conservation, 9(2), 179-188.

Miller, S. D. & Everett, D. D. (1986). Cats of the world: biology, conservation, and management. Washington: National Wildlife Federation.

Nowell, K. & Jackson, P. 1996. Wild Cats. Status survey and conservation action plan. Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group.

Núñez, R., Miller, B., & Lindzey, F. (2002). Ecología del jaguar en la Reserva de la Biosfera Chamela-Cuixmala, Jalisco, México. In R. A. Medellín, C. Equihua, C. L. B. Chetkiewicz, P. G. Crawshaw, A. Rabinowitz, K. H. Redford, J. G. Robinson, E. W. Sanderson, & A. B. Taber (Eds.), El jaguar en el nuevo milenio (pp. 107-125). México: Ediciones Científicas Universitarias.

Ortiz, E. (2008). Atlas Digital de Costa Rica 2008. Cartago, Costa Rica: Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica.

Rabinowitz, A. R. & Nottihgham, B. G. (1986). Ecology and behavior of the jaguar (Panthera onca) in Belize, Central America. Journal of Zoology, 210(1), 149-159.

Seymour, K. L. (1989). Mammalian species, Panthera onca. The American Society of Mammalogist, (340), 1-9.

Soto, J., López, G., Mérida, M., Raxón, W., Dubón, T., & López, J. (2008). Conviviendo con el jaguar: guía para ganaderos. Guatemala: Wildlife Conservation Society.

Sunquist, M. E. & Sunquist, F. C. (2002). Wild cats of the World. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Tiwari, M., Bjorndal, K. A., Bolten, A., & Bolker, B. (2006). Evaluation of density-dependent processes and green turtle Chelonia mydas hatchling production at Tortuguero, Costa Rica. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 326, 283-293.

Troëng, S., Castillo, A., Duque, V., Klement, J., Ordoñez, C., & Rankin, T. A. (1998). Report on the 1998 leatherback program at Tortuguero, Costa Rica. (Technical Report). San José, Costa Rica: Caribbean Conservation Corporation.

Troëng, S. (2000). Predation of green (Chelonia mydas) and leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) by jaguars (Panthera onca) at Tortuguero National Park, Costa Rica. Chelonian Conservation Biology, 3(4), 751-753.

Troëng, S., Chacón, D., & Dick, B. (2004). Possible decline in leatherback turtle Dermochelys coriacea nesting along the coast of Caribbean Central America. Oryx, 38(4), 395-403.

Troëng, S., Dutton, P. H., & Evans, D. (2005). Migration of hawksbill turtles Eretmochelys imbricata from Tortuguero, Costa Rica. Ecography, 28(3), 394-402.

Troëng, S. & Rankin, E. (2005). Long-term conservation efforts contribute to positive green turtle Chelonia mydas nesting trend at Tortuguero, Costa Rica. Biological Conservation, 121(1), 111-116.

Troëng, S., Harrison, E., Evans, D., De Haro, A., & Vargas, E. (2007). Leatherback turtle nesting trends and threats at Tortuguero, Costa Rica. Chelonian Conservation Biology, 6(1), 117-122.

Veríssimo, D., Jones, D. A., Chaverri, R., & Meyer, S. R. (2012). Jaguar Panthera onca predation of marine turtles: conflict between flagship species in Tortuguero, Costa Rica. Oryx, 46(3), 340-347.

Weckel, M., Giuliano, W., & Silver, S. (2006). Jaguar (Panthera onca) feeding ecology: distribution of predator and prey through time and space. Journal of Zoology, 270(1), 25-30.

Whittington, J., Clair, C. C., & Mercer, G. (2005). Spatial responses of wolves to roads and trails in mountain valleys. Ecological Applications, 15(2), 543-553.

Wolf, M. & Ale, S. (2009). Signs at the top: habitat features influencing snow leopard Uncia uncia activity in Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal. Journal of Mammalogy, 90(3), 604-611.

Zeller, K. A., Nijhawan, S., Salom-Pérez, R., Potosme, S. H., & Hines, J. E. (2011). Integrating occupancy modeling and interview data for corridor identification: a case study for jaguars in Nicaragua. Biological Conservation, 144, 892-901.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


© 2017 Universidad de Costa Rica. Para ver más detalles sobre la distribución de los artículos en este sitio visite el aviso legal. Este sitio es desarrollado por UCRIndex y Open Journal Systems.