Revista de Biología Tropical ISSN Impreso: 0034-7744 ISSN electrónico: 2215-2075

Population dynamics and reproductive biology of Barilius bendelisis (Cyprinidae: Cypriniformes) from river Gaula of Central Indian Himalaya
PT 64-3 set 2016


Barilius bendelisis
sex ratio
gonadosomatic index
river Gaula

How to Cite

Saxena, N., Patiyal, R. S., Rawat, K. D., & Tiwari, V. K. (2016). Population dynamics and reproductive biology of Barilius bendelisis (Cyprinidae: Cypriniformes) from river Gaula of Central Indian Himalaya. Revista De Biología Tropical, 64(3).


The Indian hill trout cyprinid, Barilius bendelisis is a member of family Cyprinidae that dwells in shallow, cold, and clear water. In this study, growth parameters and reproductive biology of Indian hill trout, Barilius bendelisis from river Gaula, Central Himalaya region, India, were studied. The length-frequency data were grouped sex wise and were analyzed to determine the growth and mortality parameters using the computer software programme, FAO-ICLARM Stock Assessment Tool (FISAT II). Altogether, 501 individuals were collected from river Gaula (November 2013-October 2014) and were preserved in formalin for further analysis. The results showed that the female outnumbered the male population. The minimum GSI of females was observed in the month of October (4.93 ± 0.26) and for males in the month of June and July (0.093 ± 0.12), whereas, the maximum value was in the month of April for both females (13.47 ± 0.52) and males (1.21 ± 0.12). Fluctuation in GSI values had a bimodal pattern showing two peaks during March-May and August-September in both the sexes, indicating the common spawning period of fish. The slope of regression showed the negative allometric growth for both males and females (b= 2.65 for male and b= 2.5 for female). A significant relationship between length and weight was observed in the present study (p < 0.05). The ELEFAN-I estimated L∞ and K of the von Bertalanffy growth factor for males (17.33 cm and 0.310 per year), females (17.33 cm and 0.3 per year) and pooled sexes (17.33 cm and 0.240 per year). The results indicated that Barilius bendelisis is a small sized fish having negative allometric growth that spawns twice a year. Thus, the present study on biological traits represents the baseline information for effective production, conservation and restoration planning.


Allen, K. R. (1938). Some observations on the biology of the trout (Salmo trutta) in Windermere. Journal of Animal Ecology, 4, 264-273.

Bagenal, T. B., & Tesch, F. W. (1978). Age and growth. In T. Begenal (Ed.), Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters (pp. 101-136). Oxford: Blackwell Science Publications.

Branstetter, S. (1987). Age and growth estimates for blacktip, Carcharhinus limbatus, and sipnner, Carcharhinu sbrevipinna, sharks from the northwestern Gulf Mexico. Copeia, 4, 946-974.

Carlander, K. D. (1969). Handbook of freshwater fishery biology (volume 1). Iowa: The Iowa State University Press, Ames.

Dalu, T., Clegg, B., & Nhiwatiwa, T. (2013). Length-weight relationships and condition factors of six fish species caught using gill nets in a tropical African reservoir, Zimbabwe. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 68, 75-79.

De Vlaming, V. L., Grossman, G., & Chapman, F. (1982). On the use of the gonosomatic index. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 73A, 31-39.

Deepak, P. K., Sarkar, U. K., & Negi, R. S. (2002). Studies on certain biometric features of Pangasius pangasiusfrom the river Bhagirathi. In S. P. Singh, D. Kapoor, U. K. Sarka, & V. S. Basheer (Eds.), Life history traits of freshwater fish population for its utilization in conservation. Lucknow, U.P, India: NBFGR-NATP Publication No.4. Abstract No. AA-8. NBFGR.

Del-Zarka, S. E., & El-Sedfy, H. M. (1970). The biology and fishery of Mugilsaliens(Risso) in lake Quarium, VAR. Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries,1, 3-26.

Dobriyal, A. K., & Singh, H. R. (1987). The reproductive biology of hill stream minor carp Barilius bendelisis from Garhwal Himalaya India.Vestnik Ceskoslovenske Spolecnosti Zoologicke, 51, 1-10.

Eschmeyer, W. N., & Fricke, R. (Eds.). (2011). Catalog of Fishes electronic version (29 March 2011). Retrieved from

Etim, L., Brey, T., & Arntz, W. (1996). A seminal study of the dynamics of a Mudskiper (Periophthalmuspapilio) population in the cross river, Nigeria. Fisheries Research, 40, 295-307.

Etim, L., Sankare, Y., Brey, T., & Arntz, W. (1998). The dynamics of unexploited population of Corbulatrigona (Bivalvia: Corbulidae) in a brakish-water lagoon, Cote d’lvoire. Archive of Fishery and Marine Research,46, 253-262.

Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: history, meta analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22, 241-253.

Frost, W. E. (I945). The age and growth of eels (Anguilla anguilla) from the Windermere catchment area. Part 2. Journal of Animal Ecology, I4, I 06-24.

Gairola, D., Singh, O. M., Malhotra, S. K., Nanda, S., & Ghildiyal, R. P. (1990). Parasities, ponderal index and length weight relationship of Barilius bendelisis (Ham.) and Puntiusticto (Ham.). Indian Journal of Fisheries, 37, 361-365.

Gayanilo, F. C., Pauly, D., & Sparre, P. (2005). FISAT User’s Guide. FISAT II. Retrieved from http//

Grower, S. P. (1971). Some biological notes on Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton). Indian Journal of Fisheries, 18, 182-183.

Gurung, T. B., Wagle, S. K., Bista, J. D., Joshi, P. L., Batajoo, R., Adhikari, P., & Rai, A. K. (2005). Participatory fisheries management for livelihood improvement of fishers in Phewa Lake, Pokhara, Nepal. Himalayan Journal of Sciences, 3, 47-52.

Hile, R. (1936). Age and growth of the cisco Leucichthys artedi (Le Sueur), in the lakes of the north-eastern highlands, Wisconsin. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, 48, 211-317.

Hile, R., & Jobes, F. W. (1942). Age and growth of the yellow perch, Perca flavescens (Mitchill), in the Wisconsin waters of Green Bay and northern Lake Michigan. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, 27, 241-66.

Jhingran, V. G. (1952). General length-weight relationship of three major carps in India. Proceedings of National Institute of Science India, 17, 499-460.

Jhingran, A. G. (1968). The length-weight relationship and K factor of Gudusia chapra (Ham) from the Ganga river system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India, 249-263.

Kurup, B. M., Radhakrishnan, K. V., & Manojkumar, T. G. (2004). Biodiversity status of fishes inhabiting rivers of Kerala (SouthIndia) with special reference to endemism, threats and conservation measures. In R. L Welcome, & T. Peter (Eds.), Proceeding of the second international symposium on the management of large rivers for fisheries (pp.163-182). Phnom Penh, Kingdom of Cambodia: Mekong River Commission (MRC) and Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO).

Le Cren, E. D. (1951). The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in the gonad weight and condition in the perch (Percafluviatilis). Journal of Animal Ecology, 20, 201-219.

Martin-Smith, K. M. (1996). Length/weight relationships of fishes in a diverse tropical fresh-water community, Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Fish Biology, 49, 731-734.

Mir, J. I., Patiyal, R. S., & Sharma, N. K. (2015). Analysis of length-weight relationship of sympatric hill stream teleosts Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton, 1807) and Barilius vagra (Hamilton, 1822) from Garhwal Himalaya, India. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, doi: 10.1111/jai.12688

Mir, J. R., Shabir, R., & Mir, F. A. (2012). Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Schizopyge curvifrons (Heckel, 1838) from River Jhelum, Kashmir, India. World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences, 4, 325-329.

Mohan, M. V., & Sankaran, T. M. (1988). Length-weight relationship of Indian major carps with improvement in expressing exponential formula. Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics, 3, 43-46.

Pauly, D. (1983). Some simple methods for the assessment of tropical fish stocks. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, 234, 1-52.

Pauly, D. (1986). On improving operation and use of the ELEFAN programs. Part II. Improving the estimation of L∞ ICLARM. Fishbyte, 4, 18-20.

Pauly, D., & David, N. (1981). ELEFAN I: a basic program for the objective extraction of growth parameters from length-frequencies data. Meeresforsch, 28, 205-11.

Pauly, D., & Gayanilo, Jr. F. C. (1997). ABee: An alternative approach to estimating the parameters of a length-weight relationship from length-frequency samples and their bulk weights. Manila, Philippines: ICLARM.

Qasim, S. Z. (1966). Sex-ratio in fish populations as a function of sexual difference in growth rate. Current Science, 35, 140-142.

Rahman, M. M., & Hafzath, A. (2012). Condition, length-weight relationship, sex ratio and gonasosomatic index of Indian Mackeral (Rastrelliger kanagurta) captured from Kuantan coastal water. Journal of Biological Sciences, 12, 426-432.

Rao, G. R. (1974). Observation on the age and growth, maturity and fecundity of Labeo fimbriatus (Bloch) of the river Godavari. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 21, 427-445.

Rao, G. R., & Rao, L. H. (1972). On the biology of Labeo calbasu (Ham.-Buch.) from river Godavari. Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India, 4, 74-86.

Ricker, W. E. (1975). Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of populations. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 191, 382.

Sah, S., Barat, A., Pande, V., Sati, J., & Goel, C. (2011). Population Structure of Indian Indian Hill trout (Barilius bendelisis) inferred from variation in Mitochondrial DNA sequences. Advances in Biological Research, 5, 93-98.

Sahoo, P. K., Saikia, S. K., & Das, D. N. (2009). Natural food resources and niche breadth of Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton) (Pisces, Cyprinidae) in river Dikrong, an upland riverine ecosystem in India. Pan-American Journal of Aquatic Sciences, 4, 12-16.

Shakir, H. A., Mirza, M. R., Khan, A. M., & Abid, M. (2008). Weight length and condition factor relationship of Sperata sarwari (Singhari) from Mangla Lake, Pakistan. Journal of Animal and Plant Science, 18, 158-161.

Sarkar, U. K., Kumar, R. S., Dubey, V. K., Pandey, A., & Lakra, W. S. (2012). Population structure and reproductive biology of a freshwater fish Labeo boggut (Skyes, 1839), from two perennial rivers of Yamuna basin. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 28,107-115.

Sharma, N. K., Akhtar, M. S., Pandey, N., Singh, R., & Singh, A. K. (2015). Seasonal variation in thermal tolerance, oxygen consumption, antioxidative enzymes and non-specific immune indices of Indian hill trout, Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton, 1807) from central Himalaya, India. Journal of Thermal Biology, 52, 166-176.

Snedecor, G. W., & Cochran, W. C. (1967). Statistical Methods. Calcutta, India: Oxford and IBH Publishing House.

Soomro, A. N., Baloch, W. A., Jafri, S. I. H., & Suzuki, H. (2007). Studies on length-weight and length-length relationships of a catfish Eutropiichthyes vacha Hamilton (Schilbeidae: Siluriformes) from Indus river, Sindh, Pakistan. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 5, 143-145.

Talwar, P. K., & Jhingran, A. G. (1991). Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. USA: CRC Press.

Vishwanath, W. (2010). Barilius bendelisis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T166594A6243552. Retrieved from

Yakub, A. S. (2010). Population growth of three freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium spp.) in Lower Ogun River, Southwest Nigeria. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 4, 797-802.



Download data is not yet available.