The collection of moluscos, Chile and other parts of the world, deposited in the present dependencies of the Laboratory of Malacología of the National Museum of Historia Natural (MNHN) of Chile, is the result of a process of harvesting that began with the founders of the natural history of Chile from 1782, with Juan I. Molina, Claudio Gay in 1854 and R. A. Philippi as of 1853, among other naturalists. Important it was the contribution made by D’Orbigny that made descriptions of malacofauna of Chile, observed in his expeditions Latin America, between 1826 and 1833. At the moment, the collection is in a stage of organization, cataloguing and recovery of pieces originally described by Rudolfo A. Philippi, as well as of numerous donations and exchanges that the naturalist received being director of the Museum. The study and documentation of the collections of moluscos have been a slow process and have obeyed, preferredly, to the development of works in those groups of greater interest of the investigators who are been in charge of the Phylum. As of year 1997, a new process began, with the rating of rooms of work and deposit (Room Collection Philippi and Chilena). Also its location in the present taxonomy is had boarded and their conditions of conservation are improving. Many of the present lots of terrestrial, marine moluscos and of continental waters and insulares must be reviewed. Numerous specimens of other latitudes exist that have been entered the data base. Therefore, according to the bibliography consulted and data on collections in the country, they are registered for Chile, six classes, 34 orders, 254 families, 596 sorts and 1492 species. Key words: Moluscos, Chile, data base, collection.
Keywords: Moluscs, Chile, data base, collection