Abstract

Ophiuroids (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from the Mexican waters of the Gulf of Mexico. We report 68 species of ophiuroids distributed in two orders, 13 families, and 34 genera for the Mexican waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Diagnosis, taxonomic description, type material, type localities, geographic distribution and comments are given for each of the analyzed species. New bathymetric distribution data for 24 species, and new geographic distribution data for 32 species are given. The order Ophiurida is the best represented with nine families, 27 genera and 61 species. The best represented families in the study area are: Ophiuridae and Amphiuridae. Thirteen new records are given for the Mexican waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (Suppl. 3): 83-167. Epub 2009 January 05.
Keywords: Echinodermata, Ophiuroidea, taxonomic keys, Gulf of Mexico