Revista de Biología Tropical ISSN Impreso: 0034-7744 ISSN electrónico: 2215-2075

OAI: https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/oai
Harvestmen as a model to explain the aggregations of Macrohaltica beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)
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Keywords

enhanced defense
optimal microhabitat
mating
cumulative aposematism
males
females
daddy-longlegs
harvestmen enhanced defense
optimal microhabitat
mating
cumulative aposematism
males
females
daddy-longlegs
harvestmen

How to Cite

Monge, J. (2019). Harvestmen as a model to explain the aggregations of Macrohaltica beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Revista De Biología Tropical, Darwin. Retrieved from https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/38848

Abstract

Neotropical beetles of the genus Macrohaltica form aggregations exceeding 5000 individuals, but there are no studies testing the four hypotheses available to explain why. Based on the better studied Opiliones aggregations, I propose that Macrohaltica aggregations were selected for three of the reasons proposed by William Eberhard and colleagues in 1993: enhanced defense against parasites and predators; keeping adequate moisture and temperature; and facilitating mating. Additionally, also based on Opiliones, I suggest that two unreported behaviors may occur: males occupying the exposed parts of groups; and females leaving the aggregation after mating.

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References

Eberhard, W., Achoy, R., Marín, M. C., & Ugalde, J. (1993). Natural history and behavior of two species of Macrohaltica (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Psyche: A Journal of Entomology, 100(1-2), 93-119.

Eberhard, W. G., & Kariko, S. J. (1996). Copulation behavior inside and outside the beetle Macrohaltica jamaicensis (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Journal of Ethology, 14(1), 59-72.

Hilje, L., & Coto, D. (1996). Gregarismo en Macrohaltica sp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Brenesia, 107, 41-42.

Machado, G., & Vasconcelos, C. H. F. (1998). Multi-species aggregations in Neotropical harvestmen (Opiliones, Gonyleptidae). Journal of Arachnology, 26, 389-391.

Santisteban, J. (2006). Taxonomic revision of the genus Macrohaltica Bechyne (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Alticinae). Revista Peruana de Entolomogía, 45(1), 27-64.

Wijnhoven, H. (2011). Notes on the biology of the unidentified invasive harvestman Leiobunum sp. (Arachnida:Opiliones). Arachnologische Mitteilungen, 41, 17-30

Wijnhoven, H., Schönhofer, A. L., & Martens, J. (2007). An unidentified harvestman Leiobunum sp. alarmingly invading Europe (Arachnida: Opiliones). Arachnologische Mitteilungen, 34, 27-38.

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