The aim of this review was to propose some pieces of advice to cognitive psychologists interested in incorporate the study of the nervous system on their researches. First, this work presents the scholars’ resistances to take into account theories and findings from neurosciences or cognitive psychology in their respective research area; then, some risks related to the allure of neurosciences are offered. Second, formal cognitive models are proposed as an important tool to incorporate in the cognitive neuroscience research. Third, some arguments and examples showing how formal cognitive models aid reasoning and research in cognitive neuroscience are given. Finally, some proposals are presented in order to promote a suitable start in the cognitive neuroscience research.

Keywords: Cognitive psychology, Cognitive neuroscience, formal cognitive models, reasoning