https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/actualidadesActualidades en Psicología ISSN Impreso: 0258-6444 ISSN electrónico: 2215-3535

A perpetração dos comportamentos antissociais em jovens cabo-verdianos: um estudo preditivo

Jorge Dias, Nilton Formiga, Rui Abrunhosa Gonçalves, Olga Cunha, Rita Conde



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15517/ap.v31i123.27704

Resumen


En Cabo Verde, desde finales de los años 90, se asiste a un creciente aumento del comportamiento antisocial de los jóvenes con edades comprendidas entre los 12 y los 21 años. Sin embargo, el conocimiento de los factores que causan y  perpetúan tal comportamiento es aún muy incipiente. Este estudio busca identificar los factores que pueden predecir el comportamiento antisocial reportado en Cabo Verde, utilizando para tal fin, el International Self-Report Delinquency Study -3,  (ISRD-3). La muestra estuvo constituida por 535 estudiantes de ambos sexos que asisten a la escuela pública en Cabo Verde, siendo 284 (53%) del sexo femenino y 247 (46.25%) del sexo masculino. La edad de los jóvenes varía entre los 13 y los 21 años, con una media de edad de 16.66 y una desviación estándar de 2.04. Los resultados indican que el sexo es un fuerte predictor de la perpetración de comportamientos antisociales, siendo que los individuos del sexo masculino revelan una mayor probabilidad de involucrarse en comportamientos antisociales. Los adolescentes con menos actitudes antisociales son también los que tienen menores probabilidades de envolverse en comportamientos antisociales. Del mismo modo, aunque sólo se revele marginalmente significativa, los adolescentes que relatan una mayor implicación en actividades antisociales se muestran más propensos a ocupar su tiempo libre en actividades perjudiciales. Estos resultados son analizados en términos de sus implicaciones para la prevención de la delincuencia.

Palabras clave


Delincuencia juvenile, perpetradores, prevención

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