Abstract

To solve the shortage of improved bean seed in the Municipalities of Medellin and Jamapa, a project for farmer’s bean seed production (PASF) was started in 1998/99, following a partnership model wich included the Municipality Office for Agriculture Promotion, bean producers and researchers from the INIFAP Bean Program. During the first growing cycle, demonstrative plots with different bean varieties and lines were established and bean growers were trained using the method of learning by doing. During the second growing cycle, bean varieties were multiplied in plots of farmers who received advice from the INIFAP researches and the PASF bean seed was delivered. With the production of four tons of bean seed and the support of the Municipality which paid for 50% of the seed cost, 100 ha were sowed by 118 bean growers during the 1999-2000 Fall-Winter growing cycle; moreover 800 kg of bean seed were directly distributed by the bean growers. Due to the irregular rainfall, grain yields of the commercial plots were variable. In the Municipality of Veracruz, the PASF varieties had a yield average of 550 kg/ha and in the Municipality of Jamapa the yield average was 650 kg/ha. Even so, these grain yields were higher than those obtained in plots sowed with seed from emergent programs or traditional farmer seed. The promoted strategy is a variable alternative to satisfy the demand of municipal bean seed and to start an adoption process of bean varieties among bean growers. This model is being promoted in other Municipalities of the State of Veracruz.