Abstract

Echinoderms (Echinodermata) from Central America Caribbean. We present a systematic list of the echinoderms from the Central American Caribbean, including the archipelago of San Andres, based on specimens deposited at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., the Invertebrate Zoology and Geology collections of the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, the Museo de Zoología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica, the literature and internet. A total of 253 echinoderm species are recorded, distributed in 142 genera, 63 families and 27 orders. Ophiuroidea (79 species) and Asteroidea (56 species) are the most diverse classes. Panama (154 species) and Belize (131 species) have the highest reported echinoderm diversities. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (Suppl. 3): 37-55. Epub 2009 January 05.
Keywords: Echinodermata, Caribbean, Central America, similarity, diversity