Revista de Biología Tropical ISSN Impreso: 0034-7744 ISSN electrónico: 2215-2075

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Diversity of indicator groups in the analysis of environmental compensation: Its application in the case of the Río Piedras Reservoir, Costa Rica
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Keywords

Bioindicators, environmental offsets, biodiversity, impact study, ecological equivalence, species wealth.
bioindicadores, compensación ambiental, diversidad, estudio de impacto, equivalencia ecológica, riqueza de especies.

How to Cite

Sasa, M., Oviedo-Brenes, F., Beneyto-Garrigos, D., Bonilla, F., Arevalo, J.-E., Sánchez, R., Morales-Gutiérrez, L., Arias-Ortega, J. ., Vargas-Castro, R., Serrano-Sandí, J., Monrós, J.-S., & Hanson, P. (2022). Diversity of indicator groups in the analysis of environmental compensation: Its application in the case of the Río Piedras Reservoir, Costa Rica. Revista De Biología Tropical, 70(S1), e53487. https://doi.org/10.15517/rev.biol.trop.v70iS1.53487

Abstract

Introducción: Cerca de 113 hectáreas dentro de la Reserva Biológica Lomas de Barbudal (RBLB) se inundarían si se llegara a establecer el embalse de riego Río Piedras en el noroeste de Costa Rica. Ante ese impacto inevitable, la legislación costarricense requiere evaluar la pérdida de diversidad en el sitio y compensarla siguiendo el principio de equivalencia ecológica.

Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la pérdida de diversidad en el sitio y, valorar esta condición en una propiedad privada adyacente considerada como sitio potencial para compensar por esas pérdidas.

Metodología: La diversidad, composición y prioridad de conservación de plantas vasculares, fauna vertebrada y artrópodos del sotobosque fueron evaluadas en el sitio de inundación en RBLB y en una propiedad privada adyacente identificada como sitio potencial de compensación. La equivalencia en diversidad entre ambos sitios se valoró mediante un procedimiento que asigna puntajes a los diferentes indicadores del sitio de compensación respecto a los observados en RBLB. La suma de esos puntajes representa la condición de diversidad del sitio de compensación y puede utilizarse como criterio para fundamentar acciones resarcitorias.  

Resultados: Todos los grupos sustitutos registraron un alto número de especies, aunque la información aportada por las plantas herbáceas, los mamíferos no voladores y los reptiles fue limitada. En contraste, los otros grupos indican una mayor diversidad en el sitio potencial de inundación, atribuida a sutiles diferencias ambientales y a su mejor conservación. En consecuencia, se valoró sustituir el área afectada por un área mayor del sitio de compensación para resarcir las perdidas en diversidad estimadas.

Conclusión: Nuestro análisis muestra que grupos sustitutos pueden ser empleados en estudios ambientales a corto plazo. Sin embargo, los grupos a utilizar deben seleccionarse cuidadosamente, considerando los objetivos y el alcance del proyecto. Cuantificar la condición de diversidad del sitio de compensación respecto a la que se encuentra en un sitio de referencia parece ser un procedimiento válido, repetible y evaluable que permite establecer criterios sobre los cuales basar medidas resarcitorias.

https://doi.org/10.15517/rev.biol.trop..v70iS1.53487
PDF (Español (España))

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