Revista Educación ISSN Impreso: 0379-7082 ISSN electrónico: 2215-2644

OAI: https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/educacion/oai
Aportes a la comprensión de la doble excepcionalidad: Alta capacidad con trastorno por déficit de atención y alta capacidad con trastorno del espectro autista
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Palabras clave

Gifted students
Attention
Autism
Identification
Educational strategies
Estudiante excepcional
atención
autismo
identificación
estrategias educativas

Cómo citar

Conejeros-Solar, M. L., Gómez-Arizaga, M. P., Sandoval-Rodríguez, K., & Cáceres-Serrano, P. A. (2018). Aportes a la comprensión de la doble excepcionalidad: Alta capacidad con trastorno por déficit de atención y alta capacidad con trastorno del espectro autista. Revista Educación, 42(2), 678–699. https://doi.org/10.15517/revedu.v42i2.25430

Resumen

En la década de los 80 surge un nuevo concepto en educación -doble excepcionalidad- que hace referencia a una paradoja entre una alta habilidad y una dificultad que impactan en el desarrollo y aprendizaje de niños, niñas y jóvenes.  El objetivo del presente artículo es aportar a la comprensión de esta temática poco abordada en el contexto latinoamericano y a su estado de desarrollo para que profesionales que se vinculan al ámbito educativo la visibilicen e incorporen a sus prácticas pedagógicas. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en diversas bases de datos electrónicas y en revistas especializadas en el área de alta capacidad y se identificaron variables cognitivas y socioafectivas a la base de la condición de alta capacidad con trastorno por déficit de atención y alta capacidad con trastorno del espectro autista. Se incorporaron, además, aspectos relativos a identificación y apoyos educativos. Como principales temáticas se visualizan la complejidad en la comprensión de la doble condición, así como la necesidad de procesos de identificación e intervención comprensivos que reconozcan las características particulares de cada dualidad. Se recogen y comentan los principales desafíos tanto para su identificación como para su abordaje psicoeducativo y se plantean los aspectos que requieren de mayor investigación para avanzar en el estudio de esta temática. Es responsabilidad de los grupos profesionales de la educación visibilizar y atender a este estudiantado que convive con la incomprensión personal y social en entornos educativos que no los reconocen ni distinguen sus características.

https://doi.org/10.15517/revedu.v42i2.25430
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