AJ, Stunkard. (2000). Factors in obesity: current views. In Obesity and Poverty: A New Public Health Challenge. (Pena M, Bacallo J, ). Washington (DC): PAHO.
Andreyeva, T., Puhl, R. M., & Brownell, K. D. (2008). Changes in perceived weight discrimination among Americans, 1995-1996 through 2004-2006. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 16(5), 1129–1134. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2008.35
Azarbad, L., & Gonder-Frederick, L. (2010). Obesity in Women, 33, 423–440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2010.01.003
Baum, C. L., & Ford, W. F. (2004). The wage effects of obesity: a longitudinal study. Health Economics, 13(9), 885–899. https://doi.org/10.1002/hec.881
Becker, M. H. (1986). The tyranny of health promotion. Public Health Reviews, 14(1), 15–23.
Bellizzi,JA, & Hasty, R.W. (1998). Territory assignment decisions and supervising unethical selling behaviour: The effects of obesity and gender as moderated by job-related factors. Journal of Personal Sellings & Sales Management, 18(2).
Bove, C. F., & Olson, C. M. (2006). Obesity in low-income rural women: qualitative insights about physical activity and eating patterns. Women & Health, 44(1), 57–78. https://doi.org/10.1300/J013v44n01_04
Clarke, P. J., O’Malley, P. M., Schulenberg, J. E., & Johnston, L. D. (2010). Midlife health and socioeconomic consequences of persistent overweight across early adulthood: findings from a national survey of American adults (1986-2008). American Journal of Epidemiology, 172(5), 540–548. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwq156
Crosnoe, R. (2007). Gender, Obesity, and Education. Sociology of Education, 80(3), 241–260.
Dietz, W. H. (1994). Critical periods in childhood for the development of obesity. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(5), 955–959.
Drewnowski, A., & Specter, S. E. (2004). Poverty and obesity: the role of energy density and energy costs. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 79(1), 6–16.
Elder, G. H., & Rockwell, R. C. (1979). The Life-Course and Human Development: An Ecological Perspective. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1177/016502547900200101
Ferraro, K. F., & Kelley-Moore, J. A. (2003). Cumulative Disadvantage and Health: Long-Term Consequences of Obesity? American Sociological Review, 68(5), 707–729.
Ferraro, K. F., & Shippee, T. P. (2009). Aging and cumulative inequality: how does inequality get under the skin? The Gerontologist, 49(3), 333–343. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnp034
Fikkan, J. L., & Rothblum, E. D. (2012). Is Fat a Feminist Issue? Exploring the Gendered Nature of Weight Bias. Sex Roles, 66(9–10), 575–592. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-011-0022-5
Flegal, K. M., Carroll, M. D., Ogden, C. L., & Johnson, C. L. (2002). Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2000. JAMA, 288(14), 1723–1727.
Franklin, B., Jones, A., Love, D., Puckett, S., Macklin, J., & White-Means, S. (2012). Exploring mediators of food insecurity and obesity: a review of recent literature. Journal of Community Health, 37(1), 253–264. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-011-9420-4
Giel, K. E., Thiel, A., Teufel, M., Mayer, J., & Zipfel, S. (2010). Weight bias in work settings - a qualitative review. Obesity Facts, 3(1), 33–40. https://doi.org/10.1159/000276992
Godfrey, K. M., & Barker, D. J. (2000). Fetal nutrition and adult disease. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71(5 Suppl), 1344S–52S.
Gortmaker, S. L., Must, A., Perrin, J. M., Sobol, A. M., & Dietz, W. H. (1993). Social and economic consequences of overweight in adolescence and young adulthood. The New England Journal of Medicine, 329(14), 1008–1012. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199309303291406
Halpern, C. T., King, R. B., Oslak, S. G., & Udry, J. R. (2005). Body Mass Index, Dieting, Romance, and Sexual Activity in Adolescent Girls: Relationships Over Time. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 15(4), 535–559. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2005.00110.x
Institute of Medicine (US). (2011). Hunger and Obesity: Understanding a Food Insecurity Paradigm: Workshop Summary. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK209372/
Kac, Gilberto, Pérez-Escamilla Rafael, Moura da Silva, Antonio, & Schlussel, Michael. (2013). Household food insecurity and excess weight/obesity among Brazilian women and children: a life-course-approach, 29(2), 219–225.
Lehnert, T., Sonntag, D., Konnopka, A., Riedel-Heller, S., & König, H.-H. (2013). Economic costs of overweight and obesity. Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 27(2), 105–115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beem.2013.01.002
Leigh, J. P., Fries, J. F., & Hubert, H. B. (1992). Gender and race differences in the correlation between body mass and education in the 1971-1975 NHANES I. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 46(3), 191–196.
Martinez-Jaikel, T., & Frongillo, E. (2016). Primary role of discouragement in co-existence of food insecurity and excess weight in Costa Rican women. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition.
Murasko, J. E. (2009). Socioeconomic status, height, and obesity in children. Economics and Human Biology, 7(3), 376–386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ehb.2009.04.004
Must, A., Jacques, P. F., Dallal, G. E., Bajema, C. J., & Dietz, W. H. (1992). Long-term morbidity and mortality of overweight adolescents. A follow-up of the Harvard Growth Study of 1922 to 1935. The New England Journal of Medicine, 327(19), 1350–1355.
Neovius, K., Johansson, K., Kark, M., & Neovius, M. (2009). Obesity status and sick leave: a systematic review. Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 10(1), 17–27. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2008.00521.x
Olson, C. M., & Strawderman, M. S. (2008). The relationship between food insecurity and obesity in rural childbearing women. The Journal of Rural Health: Official Journal of the American Rural Health Association and the National Rural Health Care Association, 24(1), 60–66. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-0361.2008.00138.x
Parker, S., & Keim, K. S. (2004). Emic perspectives of body weight in overweight and obese white women with limited income. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 36(6), 282–289.
Paul, R. J., & Townsend, J. B. (1995). Shape Up or Ship Out? Employment Discrimination Against the Overweight. Employee Responsibilities & Rights Journal, 8(2), 133–145.
Pingitore, R., Dugoni, B. L., Tindale, R. S., & Spring, B. (1994). Bias against overweight job applicants in a simulated employment interview. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(6), 909–917.
Puhl, R., & Brownell, K. D. (2001). Bias, discrimination, and obesity. Obesity Research, 9(12), 788–805. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2001.108
Puhl, R. M., Andreyeva, T., & Brownell, K. D. (2008). Perceptions of weight discrimination: prevalence and comparison to race and gender discrimination in America. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 32(6), 992–1000. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2008.22
Puhl, R. M., & Heuer, C. A. (2010). Obesity stigma: important considerations for public health. American Journal of Public Health, 100(6), 1019–1028. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2009.159491
Reilly, J. J., Methven, E., McDowell, Z. C., Hacking, B., Alexander, D., Stewart, L., & Kelnar, C. J. H. (2003). Health consequences of obesity. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 88(9), 748–752.
Schafer, M. H., Ferraro, K. F., & Mustillo, S. A. (2011). Children of Misfortune: Early Adversity and Cumulative Inequality in Perceived Life Trajectories. AJS; American Journal of Sociology, 116(4), 1053–1091.
Seidell, J. C. (1998). Societal and personal costs of obesity. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes: Official Journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association, 106 Suppl 2, 7–9. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1212029
Sobal, J., & Stunkard, A. J. (1989). Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature. Psychological Bulletin, 105(2), 260–275.
Tan, E. (2014). Understanding the Effect of Obesity on Male and Female Labor Outcomes (Ph.D.). The George Washington University, United States -- District of Columbia. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.pallas2.tcl.sc.edu/socabs/docview/1493902138/abstract/7466142336524409PQ/11?accountid=13965
Thoits, P. A. (2010). Stress and health: major findings and policy implications. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51 Suppl, S41-53. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022146510383499
Townsend, M. S., Peerson, J., Love, B., Achterberg, C., & Murphy, S. P. (2001). Food insecurity is positively related to overweight in women. The Journal of Nutrition, 131(6), 1738–1745.
United States Department of Agriculture. (2014, October 5). Guide to Measuring Household Food Security (Revised 2000). Retrieved October 5, 2014, from http://www.fns.usda.gov/guide-measuring-household-food-security-revised-2000
Viner, R. M., & Cole, T. J. (2005). Adult socioeconomic, educational, social, and psychological outcomes of childhood obesity: a national birth cohort study. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 330(7504), 1354. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.38453.422049.E0
© Población y Salud en Mesoamérica, 2017
University of South Carolina University of Costa Rica
How to Cite
Life Course Perspective and Body Weight Discrimination: An Integrated Approach to Understand the Relationship Between Obesity and Food Insecurity in Women.
Volume 15, Issue 1: July-december 2017
Published: Jun 30, 2017
Introduction: Excess body weight, is a prevalent and growing health problem among U.S. women and has multiple consequences on their health. Women with excess weight experience discrimination in multiple domains. Multiple studies have concluded that household food insecurity (HFI) is often associated with excess body weight in women, but not men. The more prevalent assumption has been that HFI leads to obesity. But, there has been an increase in the studies that propose the opposite. Purpose: Applying a life course perspective will provide a better understanding about how weight-based discrimination, across multiple domains, and poorer health due to obesity may lead to food insecurity in women. Results: Reduced opportunities in the domains of employment, education and marital relationships have a considerable impact on the economic situation of the excess weight women and finally could lead obese women to food insecurity. Conclusion: Using this approach has the potential to ask research questions that have been previously unexplored and plan interventions and policies to address this health inequality.