Prevalence data about alcohol consumption in Argentina may indicate a strong impact on general mortality and life expectancy, mainly in males. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of alcohol consumption on mortality in the Argentineans in 2008, through of the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 1990) methodology, smoothing cases with average deaths between 2007 and 2009. Furthermore Years of Life Expectancy Lost (YLEL) was calculated. Secondary data sources was using: death records and prevalence data about alcohol consumption. In 2008 there were 11,013 deaths attributed to alcohol consumption (3.6% of all deaths in the population), of which 73% occurred in males. The YLEL due to consumption of alcohol were 0.20 years in women, and 0.80 years in men. Death causes with most impacted in life expected were external causes and the age group most affected was 15 to 34. The results of this work reflect the need to enhance intervention strategies aimed at controlling alcohol consumption, especially in young men
Keywords: Mortality, Alcoholism, Life Expectancy.