Infraestructura Vial ISSN Impreso: 1409-4045 ISSN electrónico: 2215-3705

OAI: https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/vial/oai
Uso de distintos tipos de fibras para mejorar las propiedades mecánicas de la mezcla asfáltica: Una revisión literaria
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Palabras clave

fibers
mechanical properties
asphalt mixture
asphalt cement performance fibras
propiedades mecánicas
mezcla asfáltica
desempeño del cemento asfáltico

Cómo citar

Adrianzen Flores, O. J., Azula Vásquez, J. J., Pacherres Sánchez, C. F., Rodriguez Lafitte, E. D., & Muñoz Pérez, S. P. (2022). Uso de distintos tipos de fibras para mejorar las propiedades mecánicas de la mezcla asfáltica: Una revisión literaria. Infraestructura Vial, 24(43), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.15517/iv.v24i43.47931

Resumen

La demanda del uso de pavimentos flexibles va creciendo raudamente debido a su buen desempeño, pero este está siendo afectado de manera considerable debido al aumento del tráfico y las variaciones climáticas, esto trae consigo la presencia de fallas considerables en el pavimento, causando que su desempeño disminuya y, por ende, se acorte su tiempo de vida útil. Este documento tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática de los distintos tipos de fibras usados en las mezclas asfálticas para la mejora de sus propiedades mecánicas, además de estudiar los porcentajes y longitudes óptimas, las pruebas utilizadas, el desempeño de las mezclas según el tipo de betún, el tipo de mezcla asfáltica y, finalmente, se revisa la rentabilidad que proporciona el uso de fibras en las mezclas asfálticas. Se revisaron 81 artículos publicados en las bases de datos de Scopus y Ebsco, entre los años 2014 al 2021, los cuales tuvieron el mismo objetivo de estudiar las características mecánicas de las mezclas asfálticas con adición de fibras. Se concluyó que las fibras, además de mejorar las propiedades de los pavimentos flexibles, son rentablemente buenas ya que, a pesar de tener un aumento en el costo inicial, demuestran un incremento en el ciclo de vida, siendo así económicamente factibles para proyectos viales que se realicen con el uso mezclas asfálticas, además se recomendó proseguir con estudios encaminados a utilizar este tipo de mezclas asfálticas.

https://doi.org/10.15517/iv.v24i43.47931
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