Spatial structure of Pleurothallis, Masdevallia, Lepanthes and Epidendrum epiphytic orchids in a fragment of montane cloud forest in South Ecuador
Keywords:altitudinal range, colonization, phorophyte specificity, phorophyte trunk diameter, seed dispersal, spatial patterns
Orchids are the most diverse family of vascular plants in Ecuador with 228 genera and nearly 4000 species. More than 60% of these species are epi- phytes, being Pleurothallis R.Br., Epidendrum L., Lepanthes Sw. and Masdevallia Ruiz & Pav., with 472, 358, 314 and 226 species respectively, some of the genera with greater number of epiphytic orchids (Dodson 1994-2003).
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