Introduction: One of the challenges identified to design effective colon cancer control strategies on a global scale is to have monitoring instruments to measure its evolution. Objective: To provide evidence for the monitoring of mortality from colon cancer in Mexico, integrating the spatial and temporal dimension in a 17-year period from 1998 to 2015. Methodology: The micro data analyzed comes from the death records documented by the establishments of medical services of the country's public institutions, this segment represents the main health care provider in the country. Therefore, the scope of the results is limited to the population that receives health care by the public health sector in the country. The data collection is made through the National Health Information System and the research approach is quantitative. Results: document  a  differentiated behavior at the regional scale, together with imbalances in the health care capacity for the border regions studied, where the states on the northern border exhibit the highest mortality rates, a particular high rate is found in Chihuahua State where a mortality rate of 68 Males and 49 for Females is found. Conclusions: The evidence found is a data driven source to guide control actions in specific populations, that may improve resource allocation. The private sector segment is not addressed by this study, a fact that represents a weakness of the research related to available data sources.

Keywords: Colon, Neoplasms, food consumption, México