https://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/pemPensar en Movimiento: Revista de Ciencias del Ejercicio y la Salud ISSN Impreso: 1409-0724 ISSN electrónico: 1659-4436

INFLUENCIA DEL VOLUMEN DE ENTRENAMIENTO PLIOMÉTRICO EN LA CARGA PERCIBIDA DIFERENCIADA DE FUTBOLISTAS DE ALTO NIVEL

Janire Leceaga, Asier Los Arcos, Daniel Castillo Alvira, Javier Yanci



DOI: https://doi.org/10.15517/pensarmov.v15i2.27664

Resumen


Los objetivos del estudio fueron describir la carga percibida diferenciada (dRPE CE) en un equipo de fútbol durante seis semanas de entrenamiento, analizar si existen diferencias en la dRPE CE entre grupos que realizan dos entrenamientos de pliometría con distinto volumen y analizar la evolución a lo largo de las semanas de la dRPE en ambos grupos. Se registró la carga percibida mediante la percepción subjetiva del esfuerzo respiratorio (RPEres) y muscular (RPEmus) de catorce jugadores de fútbol de un equipo de 2.ª División B de la Liga de Fútbol Española, durante seis semanas. Los jugadores fueron divididos en dos grupos, realizando diferentes volúmenes de entrenamiento de fuerza. El primer grupo (G1FX, 24,42 ± 4,35 años, 1,80 ± 0,05 m, 77,32 ± 6,40 kg, 23,81 ± 1,49 kg/m2) realizó un entrenamiento de pliometría en el eje horizontal, y el segundo grupo (G2FX2, 22,43 ± 2,82 años, 1,82 ± 0,07 m, 76,65 ± 7,56 kg, 22,99 ± 1,13 kg/m2) realizó el mismo entrenamiento de fuerza pero con el doble de volumen. Los resultados obtenidos en el presente estudio no mostraron diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos en la dRPE CE en ninguna de las seis semanas registradas y tampoco se obtuvieron diferencias en ninguno de los dos grupos en dicho periodo, ni en el RPEres CE ni en el RPEmus CE. Realizar mayor volumen de entrenamiento de pliometría no implica que los jugadores que más volumen han realizado perciban un mayor RPEres CE ni RPEmus CE.


Palabras clave


carga de entrenamiento; fuerza; potencia; pliometría; fútbol

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Referencias


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